Duff Waring

Department of Philosophy

Associate Professor

Office: Ross Building, S428
Phone: 416-736-2100 Ext: 33522
Emaildwaring@yorku.ca

Duff Waring (BA, MA, LLB, PhD) is a philosopher/lawyer who specialized in mental health law and psychiatric patient advocacy. He began doctoral studies in philosophy at York University in 1996 with a focus on political theory and bioethics.

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He held a post-doctoral fellowship during 2001-2002 with the Biomedical Ethics Unit in the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University. He was a Research Associate from 2002-2004 with the Health Law and Policy Group in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada and is appointed to the graduate faculties of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, Health and Osgoode Hall Law School. He teaches currently in the Philosophy Department at York University. He also teaches the Bioethics course in the Osgoode Hall Professional Development Centre’s Part-time Master’s Program in Health Law, as well as the Health, Ethics and Law course in the Faculty of Health’s Policy and Equity graduate program.

Area of Specialization

Philosophy


Research Interests

Ethics , Mental Health, Bioethics, Philosophy of Psychiatry

All Publications

Books

Duff R. Waring, The Healing Virtues: Character Ethics in Psychotherapy (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).

Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research: Regulation, Conflict of Interest and Liability. Edited by Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. 267 pages.

Medical Benefit and the Human Lottery: An Egalitarian Approach to Patient Selection. Dordrecht, The Netherlands and New York: Springer, 2004. 220 pages.

Book Chapters

Duff R. Waring, “Patient Responsibilities in a Psychiatric Healing Project,” in The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics, Vol. 2, eds. John Z. Sadler, Werdie (C.W.) Van Staden, and W.K.M. Fulford (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 1402-1418.

“Clinical Equipoise and the Assessment of Therapeutic Risk.” The Ethics of Risk. Edited by Sabine Roeser and Lotte Asveld. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2008. 105-138.

Waring, Duff R. and Glass, Kathleen Cranley. “Legal Liability for Harm to Research Participants: The Case of Placebo-Controlled Trials.” Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research: Regulation, Conflict of Interest and Liability. Edited by Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. 206-227.

“Intégration des valeurs dans l’évaluation du risque lié à la recherche biomédicale: arguments en faveur d’une réforme de la réglementation et du droit.” Le Droit et le Risque. Sous la Direction de la Commission du Droit du Canada. Saint-Nicolas, Quebec: Les Presses De L’Universite Laval, 2006. 233-303.

Waring, Duff R. and Lemmens, Trudo. “Integrating Values in Risk Analysis of Biomedical Research: The Case for Regulatory and Law Reform.” Law and Risk. Edited by the Law Commission of Canada. Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press, 2005. 156-200.

Journal Articles

Waring, Duff R. “The Virtuous Patient.” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 19, no 1 (2012): 25-36.
Feature Article with Two Commentaries: "Psychotherapy as Cultivating Character" by Mike W. Martin (37-39) and "Virtue and Psychotherapy" by Robert L. Woolfolk (41-43).
Response by Waring, Duff R. “Psychotherapy Through the Prism of Moral Language” (45-48).

Waring, Duff R. “The Antidepressant Debate and the Balanced Placebo Trial Design: An Ethical Analysis.” The International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 31, no. 6 (2008): 453-462.

Waring, Duff R. “The Antidepressant Debate and Ethically Defensible Placebo-Controlled Trials.” IRB: Ethics and Human Research 30, no. 6 (2008): 12-16.

Glass, Kathleen Cranley and Waring, Duff R. “The Physician/Investigator’s Obligation to Patients Participating in Research: The Case of Placebo Controlled Trials.” The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33, no. 3 (2005): 575-585.

Waring, Duff R. and Lemmens, Trudo. “Integrating Values in Risk Analysis of Biomedical Research: The Case for Regulatory and Law Reform.” University of Toronto Law Journal 56, no. 3 (2004): 249-290.

Fergusson, Dean, Glass, Kathleen Cranley, Waring, Duff R. and Shapiro, Stanley. “Turning a Blind Eye: The Success of Blinding Reported in a Random Sample of Randomised, Placebo-Controlled Trials.” British Medical Journal 328 (Feb. 21/2004): 432-434.

Waring, Duff R. “Adequate Conscious Life and Age-Related Need: F. M. Kamm’s Approach to Patient Selection.” Bioethics 18, no. 3 (June 2004): 234-248.

Waring, Duff R. “Paradoxical Drug Response and the Placebo Effect: A Discussion of Grunbaum’s Definitional Scheme.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2003): 5-17.

Glass, Kathleen Cranley and Waring, Duff R. “Good Research Need Not Conflict With Good Patient Care.” American Journal of Bioethics 2, no. 2 (2002): 26-27.

Waring, Duff R. “Why the Practice of Medicine Is Not a Phronetic Activity." Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2000): 139-151.

Valentine, Mary Beth, Waring, Duff R., Guiffrida, David and Hall, Donna. "Competency and Treatment Refusal in Psychiatric Hospitals." Canada's Mental Health 40 (1992): 20-24.

Waring, Duff R. "Use of Restraints in Ontario Psychiatric Hospitals." Journal of Law and Social Policy 7 (1991): 251-283.

Book Reviews

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Making Us Crazy. DSM: The Psychiatric Bible and the Creation of Mental Disorders, by Herb Kutchins and Stuart A. Kirk.” The Journal of Mind and Behavior 19, no. 4 (1998): 437-446.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of The Wing of Madness: The Life and Work of R.D. Laing, by Daniel Burston.” The Journal of Mind and Behavior 18, no. 4 (1997): 465-472.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of In the Sleep Room, by Anne Collins.” Journal of Law and Social Policy 5 (1989): 264-274.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Mental Disability and the Law in Canada, by Gerald B. Robertson.” Journal of Law and Social Policy 4 (1988): 181-188.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Mental Health Law in Canada, by Harvey Savage and Carla McKague.” Canadian Bar Review 67 (1988): 190-192.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences, by Thomas Szasz.” Phoenix Rising 7, no. 1 (1987).

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion, by Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain." Phoenix Rising 7, no. 2 (1987).

Current Courses

TermCourse NumberSectionTitleType 
Fall 2017 AP/PHIL4085 3.0  Seminar in the Philosophy of Psychiatry SEMR  


Duff Waring (BA, MA, LLB, PhD) is a philosopher/lawyer who specialized in mental health law and psychiatric patient advocacy. He began doctoral studies in philosophy at York University in 1996 with a focus on political theory and bioethics.


He held a post-doctoral fellowship during 2001-2002 with the Biomedical Ethics Unit in the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University. He was a Research Associate from 2002-2004 with the Health Law and Policy Group in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada and is appointed to the graduate faculties of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, Health and Osgoode Hall Law School. He teaches currently in the Philosophy Department at York University. He also teaches the Bioethics course in the Osgoode Hall Professional Development Centre’s Part-time Master’s Program in Health Law, as well as the Health, Ethics and Law course in the Faculty of Health’s Policy and Equity graduate program.

Area of Specialization

Philosophy

Research Interests:

Ethics , Mental Health, Bioethics, Philosophy of Psychiatry

All Publications

Books

Duff R. Waring, The Healing Virtues: Character Ethics in Psychotherapy (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).

Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research: Regulation, Conflict of Interest and Liability. Edited by Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. 267 pages.

Medical Benefit and the Human Lottery: An Egalitarian Approach to Patient Selection. Dordrecht, The Netherlands and New York: Springer, 2004. 220 pages.

Book Chapters

Duff R. Waring, “Patient Responsibilities in a Psychiatric Healing Project,” in The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics, Vol. 2, eds. John Z. Sadler, Werdie (C.W.) Van Staden, and W.K.M. Fulford (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 1402-1418.

“Clinical Equipoise and the Assessment of Therapeutic Risk.” The Ethics of Risk. Edited by Sabine Roeser and Lotte Asveld. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2008. 105-138.

Waring, Duff R. and Glass, Kathleen Cranley. “Legal Liability for Harm to Research Participants: The Case of Placebo-Controlled Trials.” Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research: Regulation, Conflict of Interest and Liability. Edited by Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. 206-227.

“Intégration des valeurs dans l’évaluation du risque lié à la recherche biomédicale: arguments en faveur d’une réforme de la réglementation et du droit.” Le Droit et le Risque. Sous la Direction de la Commission du Droit du Canada. Saint-Nicolas, Quebec: Les Presses De L’Universite Laval, 2006. 233-303.

Waring, Duff R. and Lemmens, Trudo. “Integrating Values in Risk Analysis of Biomedical Research: The Case for Regulatory and Law Reform.” Law and Risk. Edited by the Law Commission of Canada. Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press, 2005. 156-200.

Journal Articles

Waring, Duff R. “The Virtuous Patient.” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 19, no 1 (2012): 25-36.
Feature Article with Two Commentaries: "Psychotherapy as Cultivating Character" by Mike W. Martin (37-39) and "Virtue and Psychotherapy" by Robert L. Woolfolk (41-43).
Response by Waring, Duff R. “Psychotherapy Through the Prism of Moral Language” (45-48).

Waring, Duff R. “The Antidepressant Debate and the Balanced Placebo Trial Design: An Ethical Analysis.” The International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 31, no. 6 (2008): 453-462.

Waring, Duff R. “The Antidepressant Debate and Ethically Defensible Placebo-Controlled Trials.” IRB: Ethics and Human Research 30, no. 6 (2008): 12-16.

Glass, Kathleen Cranley and Waring, Duff R. “The Physician/Investigator’s Obligation to Patients Participating in Research: The Case of Placebo Controlled Trials.” The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33, no. 3 (2005): 575-585.

Waring, Duff R. and Lemmens, Trudo. “Integrating Values in Risk Analysis of Biomedical Research: The Case for Regulatory and Law Reform.” University of Toronto Law Journal 56, no. 3 (2004): 249-290.

Fergusson, Dean, Glass, Kathleen Cranley, Waring, Duff R. and Shapiro, Stanley. “Turning a Blind Eye: The Success of Blinding Reported in a Random Sample of Randomised, Placebo-Controlled Trials.” British Medical Journal 328 (Feb. 21/2004): 432-434.

Waring, Duff R. “Adequate Conscious Life and Age-Related Need: F. M. Kamm’s Approach to Patient Selection.” Bioethics 18, no. 3 (June 2004): 234-248.

Waring, Duff R. “Paradoxical Drug Response and the Placebo Effect: A Discussion of Grunbaum’s Definitional Scheme.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2003): 5-17.

Glass, Kathleen Cranley and Waring, Duff R. “Good Research Need Not Conflict With Good Patient Care.” American Journal of Bioethics 2, no. 2 (2002): 26-27.

Waring, Duff R. “Why the Practice of Medicine Is Not a Phronetic Activity." Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2000): 139-151.

Valentine, Mary Beth, Waring, Duff R., Guiffrida, David and Hall, Donna. "Competency and Treatment Refusal in Psychiatric Hospitals." Canada's Mental Health 40 (1992): 20-24.

Waring, Duff R. "Use of Restraints in Ontario Psychiatric Hospitals." Journal of Law and Social Policy 7 (1991): 251-283.

Book Reviews

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Making Us Crazy. DSM: The Psychiatric Bible and the Creation of Mental Disorders, by Herb Kutchins and Stuart A. Kirk.” The Journal of Mind and Behavior 19, no. 4 (1998): 437-446.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of The Wing of Madness: The Life and Work of R.D. Laing, by Daniel Burston.” The Journal of Mind and Behavior 18, no. 4 (1997): 465-472.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of In the Sleep Room, by Anne Collins.” Journal of Law and Social Policy 5 (1989): 264-274.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Mental Disability and the Law in Canada, by Gerald B. Robertson.” Journal of Law and Social Policy 4 (1988): 181-188.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Mental Health Law in Canada, by Harvey Savage and Carla McKague.” Canadian Bar Review 67 (1988): 190-192.

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences, by Thomas Szasz.” Phoenix Rising 7, no. 1 (1987).

Waring, Duff R. “Review of Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion, by Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain." Phoenix Rising 7, no. 2 (1987).


Teaching:

Current Courses

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TermCourse NumberSectionTitleType 
Fall 2017 AP/PHIL4085 3.0  Seminar in the Philosophy of Psychiatry SEMR