Ian R Smith

Department of Languages, Literatures and Linguistics

Professor Emeritus

Office
Emailiansmith@yorku.ca

Primary interests:
Language contact, especially Pidgins & Creoles and contact-induced change;
Historical linguistics;
South Asian linguistics.

Secondary Interests:
Australian Linguistics; English Linguistics; Phonetics

Languages of academic interest:
Kugu Nganhcara, Sourashtra, Sri Lanka Portuguese, Sri Lanka Malay, Tamil

Area of Specialization

Linguistics

Degrees

Selected Publications

South Asian pidgins and creoles. The languages and linguistics of South Asia (The World of Linguistics 7), ed. by Hans Heinrich Hock & Elena Bashir. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hijacked constructions in untutored Second Language Acquisition: Implications for Sri Lanka Malay. The genesis of Sri Lanka Malay: A case of extreme language contact. ed. by Sebastian Nordhoff. Amsterdam: Brill, 195-231.

Sri Lanka Portuguese. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, vol. II: The language surveys. ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Measuring substrate influence: Word order features in Ibero-Asian creoles. Ibero-Asian Creoles: comparative perspectives. ed. by Hugo Cardoso, Alan Baxter & Mário Pinharanda Nunes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 125-148.

Sauraštra Jazyk [Sourashtra Language]. Novyje Indo-Arijskije Jaziki [New Indo-Aryan Languages], ed. by Tatiana Oranskaia et al. (Jazyki Mira [Languages of the World]) . Moscow: Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Institut Jazykoznanija, 584-595.

Kugu Nganhcara. Handbook of Australian Languages, vol. 5. ed. by Barry J. Blake and R.M.W. Dixon, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. (With Steve Johnson, posthumously.)

Selected Publications

South Asian pidgins and creoles. The languages and linguistics of South Asia (The World of Linguistics 7), ed. by Hans Heinrich Hock & Elena Bashir. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hijacked constructions in untutored Second Language Acquisition: Implications for Sri Lanka Malay. The genesis of Sri Lanka Malay: A case of extreme language contact. ed. by Sebastian Nordhoff. Amsterdam: Brill, 195-231.

Sri Lanka Portuguese. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, vol. II: The language surveys. ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Measuring substrate influence: Word order features in Ibero-Asian creoles. Ibero-Asian Creoles: comparative perspectives. ed. by Hugo Cardoso, Alan Baxter & Mário Pinharanda Nunes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 125-148.

Sauraštra Jazyk [Sourashtra Language]. Novyje Indo-Arijskije Jaziki [New Indo-Aryan Languages], ed. by Tatiana Oranskaia et al. (Jazyki Mira [Languages of the World]) . Moscow: Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Institut Jazykoznanija, 584-595.

Kugu Nganhcara. Handbook of Australian Languages, vol. 5. ed. by Barry J. Blake and R.M.W. Dixon, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. (With Steve Johnson, posthumously.)

All Publications

Books

Sri Lanka Creole Portuguese phonology. Trivandrum: Dravidian Linguistics Association. Also appeared in International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 7:248 406 (1978).

Monographs

Kugu Nganhcara. Handbook of Australian Languages, vol. 5. ed. by Barry J. Blake and R.M.W. Dixon, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. (With Steve Johnson, posthumously.)

Book Chapters

South Asian pidgins and creoles. The languages and linguistics of South Asia (The World of Linguistics 7), ed. by Hans Heinrich Hock & Elena Bashir. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hijacked constructions in untutored Second Language Acquisition: Implications for Sri Lanka Malay. The genesis of Sri Lanka Malay: A case of extreme language contact. ed. by Sebastian Nordhoff. Amsterdam: Brill, 195-231.

Sri Lanka Portuguese. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, vol. II: The language surveys. ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Measuring substrate influence: Word order features in Ibero-Asian creoles. Ibero-Asian Creoles: comparative perspectives. ed. by Hugo Cardoso, Alan Baxter & Mário Pinharanda Nunes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 125-148.

Sauraštra Jazyk [Sourashtra Language]. Novyje Indo-Arijskije Jaziki [New Indo-Aryan Languages], ed. by Tatiana Oranskaia et al. (Jazyki Mira [Languages of the World]) . Moscow: Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Institut Jazykoznanija, 584-595.

Pidgins, creoles and Bazaar Hindi. Language in South Asia, ed. by Braj Kachru, Yamuna Kachru and S. N. Sridhar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 253-268.

Sri Lanka Malay: creole or convert? Structure and Variation in Language Contact, ed. by Ana Deumert and Stephanie Durrleman. (Creole Language Library) . Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 159-181. (With Scott Paauw.)

Introdução. Dialecto Indo-Português de Ceylão [Re-issue of a description of Sri Lanka Portuguese by Sabastião Rodolpho Dalgado (1900)], 11-37. Lisbon: Comissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portuguêses.

Language contact and the life or death of Kugu Muminh. The Fergusonian impact, Vol. 2: Sociolinguistics and the sociology of language, ed. by Joshua Fishman et al, 513 532. The Hague: Mouton.

Substrata vs. universals in the formation of Sri Lanka Portuguese. Papers in Pidgin and Creole Linguist¬ics no. 2, 183-200. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Journal Articles

Adstrate influence in Sri Lanka Malay: Definiteness, animacy and number in accusative case marking. Journal of Language Contact 5: 5-22.

Comments on Nordhoff’s “Establishing and dating Sinhala influence in Sri Lanka Malay.” Journal of Language Contact 5: 58-72.

Sri Lanka Malay: the state of the art. The yearbook of South Asian languages and linguistics 2004, 197-215. (With Scott Paauw and B.A. Hussainmiya.)

Creolization and convergence in morphosyntax: Sri Lanka Portuguese and Sourashtra nominal marking typology. The yearbook of South Asian languages and linguistics 2001. ed. by Peri Bhaskararao and Karumuri Venkata Subbarao, 391-409.

(Review article.) Romaine Suzanne (ed.) Language in Australia and Clyne, Michael (ed.) Linguistics in Australia: Trends in research. Language 72:380-383.

Sociolinguistic patterns in an unstratified society: the patrilects of Kugu Nganhcara. Journal of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association 8:29 43. (With Steve Johnson.)

The syntax of clitic cross referencing pronouns in Kugu Nganhcara. Anthropological Linguistics 27:102 111. (With Steve Johnson.)

The development of morphosyntax in Sri Lanka Portuguese. York [England] Papers in Linguistics 11:291 301.

Abstractness in phonology: the English velar nasal. Linguistics 20:391 409.

Convergence in South Asia: a creole example. Lingua 48:193 222.

Realignment and other interference phenomena. University of Melbourne Working Papers in Linguistics 4:67 76.

Conference Proceedings

Replacing the tutor: multimedia enhancement of articulatory phonetics training. PTLC99: Proceedings of the Phonetics Teaching and Learning Conference, ed. by J. A. Maidment and Eva Estebas i Vilaplana, 19-21. London: Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London.

Computer glossing as a tool in convergence research. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistics Association 14, ed. by Jim Black, 159-81. St. Johns: Memorial University of Newfoundland.

The failure of literacy in Sri Lanka Portuguese. Abstract of the proceedings of the workshop of the International Group for the Study of Language Standardization and the Vernacularization of Literacy, ed. by R.B. LePage, 101 103. York [U.K.]: University of York, Department of Language.

Morphological operations, historical evidence and English [ŋ]. Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of Linguists, ed. by Shirô Hattori et al, 572 575. Tokyo: Proceedings Publishing Committee.

Other

Database
Sri Lanka Portuguese language structure subdatabase. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. [http://apics-online.info]

Computer software
Higgins the Phonetics Tutor [A multi-media teaching resource for Articulatory Phonetics, in CD format.] Toronto: York University Instructional Technology Centre. Version 1 1998. Major revisions: Version 1.5, 1999. Version 2, 2001, Version 3, 2002.


Primary interests:
Language contact, especially Pidgins & Creoles and contact-induced change;
Historical linguistics;
South Asian linguistics.

Secondary Interests:
Australian Linguistics; English Linguistics; Phonetics

Languages of academic interest:
Kugu Nganhcara, Sourashtra, Sri Lanka Portuguese, Sri Lanka Malay, Tamil

Area of Specialization

Linguistics

Degrees


All Publications

Books

Sri Lanka Creole Portuguese phonology. Trivandrum: Dravidian Linguistics Association. Also appeared in International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 7:248 406 (1978).

Monographs

Kugu Nganhcara. Handbook of Australian Languages, vol. 5. ed. by Barry J. Blake and R.M.W. Dixon, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. (With Steve Johnson, posthumously.)

Book Chapters

South Asian pidgins and creoles. The languages and linguistics of South Asia (The World of Linguistics 7), ed. by Hans Heinrich Hock & Elena Bashir. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hijacked constructions in untutored Second Language Acquisition: Implications for Sri Lanka Malay. The genesis of Sri Lanka Malay: A case of extreme language contact. ed. by Sebastian Nordhoff. Amsterdam: Brill, 195-231.

Sri Lanka Portuguese. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, vol. II: The language surveys. ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Measuring substrate influence: Word order features in Ibero-Asian creoles. Ibero-Asian Creoles: comparative perspectives. ed. by Hugo Cardoso, Alan Baxter & Mário Pinharanda Nunes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 125-148.

Sauraštra Jazyk [Sourashtra Language]. Novyje Indo-Arijskije Jaziki [New Indo-Aryan Languages], ed. by Tatiana Oranskaia et al. (Jazyki Mira [Languages of the World]) . Moscow: Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Institut Jazykoznanija, 584-595.

Pidgins, creoles and Bazaar Hindi. Language in South Asia, ed. by Braj Kachru, Yamuna Kachru and S. N. Sridhar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 253-268.

Sri Lanka Malay: creole or convert? Structure and Variation in Language Contact, ed. by Ana Deumert and Stephanie Durrleman. (Creole Language Library) . Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 159-181. (With Scott Paauw.)

Introdução. Dialecto Indo-Português de Ceylão [Re-issue of a description of Sri Lanka Portuguese by Sabastião Rodolpho Dalgado (1900)], 11-37. Lisbon: Comissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portuguêses.

Language contact and the life or death of Kugu Muminh. The Fergusonian impact, Vol. 2: Sociolinguistics and the sociology of language, ed. by Joshua Fishman et al, 513 532. The Hague: Mouton.

Substrata vs. universals in the formation of Sri Lanka Portuguese. Papers in Pidgin and Creole Linguist¬ics no. 2, 183-200. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Journal Articles

Adstrate influence in Sri Lanka Malay: Definiteness, animacy and number in accusative case marking. Journal of Language Contact 5: 5-22.

Comments on Nordhoff’s “Establishing and dating Sinhala influence in Sri Lanka Malay.” Journal of Language Contact 5: 58-72.

Sri Lanka Malay: the state of the art. The yearbook of South Asian languages and linguistics 2004, 197-215. (With Scott Paauw and B.A. Hussainmiya.)

Creolization and convergence in morphosyntax: Sri Lanka Portuguese and Sourashtra nominal marking typology. The yearbook of South Asian languages and linguistics 2001. ed. by Peri Bhaskararao and Karumuri Venkata Subbarao, 391-409.

(Review article.) Romaine Suzanne (ed.) Language in Australia and Clyne, Michael (ed.) Linguistics in Australia: Trends in research. Language 72:380-383.

Sociolinguistic patterns in an unstratified society: the patrilects of Kugu Nganhcara. Journal of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association 8:29 43. (With Steve Johnson.)

The syntax of clitic cross referencing pronouns in Kugu Nganhcara. Anthropological Linguistics 27:102 111. (With Steve Johnson.)

The development of morphosyntax in Sri Lanka Portuguese. York [England] Papers in Linguistics 11:291 301.

Abstractness in phonology: the English velar nasal. Linguistics 20:391 409.

Convergence in South Asia: a creole example. Lingua 48:193 222.

Realignment and other interference phenomena. University of Melbourne Working Papers in Linguistics 4:67 76.

Conference Proceedings

Replacing the tutor: multimedia enhancement of articulatory phonetics training. PTLC99: Proceedings of the Phonetics Teaching and Learning Conference, ed. by J. A. Maidment and Eva Estebas i Vilaplana, 19-21. London: Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London.

Computer glossing as a tool in convergence research. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistics Association 14, ed. by Jim Black, 159-81. St. Johns: Memorial University of Newfoundland.

The failure of literacy in Sri Lanka Portuguese. Abstract of the proceedings of the workshop of the International Group for the Study of Language Standardization and the Vernacularization of Literacy, ed. by R.B. LePage, 101 103. York [U.K.]: University of York, Department of Language.

Morphological operations, historical evidence and English [ŋ]. Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of Linguists, ed. by Shirô Hattori et al, 572 575. Tokyo: Proceedings Publishing Committee.

Other

Database
Sri Lanka Portuguese language structure subdatabase. Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online ed. by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Philippe, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. [http://apics-online.info]

Computer software
Higgins the Phonetics Tutor [A multi-media teaching resource for Articulatory Phonetics, in CD format.] Toronto: York University Instructional Technology Centre. Version 1 1998. Major revisions: Version 1.5, 1999. Version 2, 2001, Version 3, 2002.