Molly Ladd-Taylor

Department of History

Associate Professor

Office: Vari Hall, 2136
Phone: (416)736-2100 Ext: 30419
Emailmltaylor@yorku.ca


Area of Specialization

History

Degrees

Ph.D., American Studies, Yale University
M.Phil., M.A., American Studies, Yale University
M.A., American Studies, Case Western Reserve University
B.A., Honors in History, Oberlin College


Research Interests

Research Interests: 20th Century U.S. History, health and welfare, gender, childhood, eugenics

Selected Publications

Women, Health and Nation: Canada and the United States Since 1945 Co-edited with Georgina Feldberg, Alison Li & Kathryn McPherson (Mc-Gill-Queen’s University Press, 2003) 438 pp.

'Bad' Mothers: The Politics of Blame in 20th-Century America Co-edited with Lauri Umansky (New York Univ. Press: 1998) 411 pp.

Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State 1890-1930 (University of Illinois Press: 1994) 211 pp.

Raising a Baby the Government Way: Mothers' Letters to the Children's Bureau, 1915-1932, edited with introduction (Rutgers University Press: 1986) 212 pp.

Becoming a Historian: A Canadian Manual, 2nd ed., co-Edited with Franca Iacovetta et al. Canadian Historical Association: 2008 (first ed., 1999).

Selected Publications

Women, Health and Nation: Canada and the United States Since 1945 Co-edited with Georgina Feldberg, Alison Li & Kathryn McPherson (Mc-Gill-Queen’s University Press, 2003) 438 pp.

'Bad' Mothers: The Politics of Blame in 20th-Century America Co-edited with Lauri Umansky (New York Univ. Press: 1998) 411 pp.

Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State 1890-1930 (University of Illinois Press: 1994) 211 pp.

Raising a Baby the Government Way: Mothers' Letters to the Children's Bureau, 1915-1932, edited with introduction (Rutgers University Press: 1986) 212 pp.

Becoming a Historian: A Canadian Manual, 2nd ed., co-Edited with Franca Iacovetta et al. Canadian Historical Association: 2008 (first ed., 1999).

All Publications

Books

Becoming a Historian: A Canadian Manual, 2nd ed., co-Edited with Franca Iacovetta et al. Canadian Historical Association: 2008 (first ed., 1999).

Women, Health and Nation: Canada and the United States Since 1945 Co-edited with Georgina Feldberg, Alison Li & Kathryn McPherson (Mc-Gill-Queen’s University Press, 2003) 438 pp.

'Bad' Mothers: The Politics of Blame in 20th-Century America Co-edited with Lauri Umansky (New York Univ. Press: 1998) 411 pp.

Root of Bitterness: Documents of the Social History of American Women, 2nd revised edition. Co-edited with Nancy F. Cott, Jeanne Boydston, Ann Braude and Lori Ginzberg (Northeastern University Press: 1996) 440 pp.

Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State 1890-1930 (University of Illinois Press: 1994) 211 pp.

Raising a Baby the Government Way: Mothers' Letters to the Children's Bureau, 1915-1932, edited with introduction (Rutgers University Press: 1986) 212 pp.

Book Chapters

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” in 100 Years of Eugenics: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Project, ed. Paul A. Lombardo (Univ. of Indiana Press, 2011), 117-140.

“What Child Left Behind? US Social Policy and the Hopeless Child,” in Lost Kids: Vulnerable Children and Youth in Twentieth-Century Canada and the United States eds. Mona Gleason et al, (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2009), 157-174.

“The ‘Sociological Advantages’ of Sterilization: Fiscal Politics and Feebleminded Women in Interwar Minnesota,” in Mental Retardation in America: A Historical Anthology, eds. Steven Noll and James W. Trent (New York University Press, 2004), 281-299.

“Comparative Perspectives on Canadian and American Women’s Health Care Since 1945,” co-authored with G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson, Women, Health and Nation, eds. G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003), 15-44.

“’A Kind of Genetic Social Work: Sheldon Reed and the Origins of Genetic Counseling,” Women, Health and Nation, eds. G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003), 67-83.

"'Fixing' Mothers: Child Welfare and Compulsory Sterilization in the American Midwest, 1925-1945" in Child Welfare and Social Action eds. Jon Lawrence and Pat Starkey (Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2001)

"'My Work Came Out of My Agony and Grief': The Sheppard-Towner Act," in Mothers of A New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States, eds. Seth Koven and Sonya Michel (Routledge: 1993), 321-342.

"Federal Help for Mothers: The Rise and Fall of the Sheppard-Towner Act in the 1920s," in Gendered Domains: Rethinking Public and Private in Women's History, eds. Susan Reverby and Dorothy O. Helly (Cornell University Press: 1992), 217-227.

"'Why Does Congress Wish Women and Children to Die': The Rise and Fall of Public Maternal and Infant Health Care in the U.S. 1921-1929," in Women and Children First: International Maternal and Infant Welfare, eds. Valerie Fildes, Hilary Marchand, and Lara Marks (Routledge: 1992), 121-132.

"Hull House Goes to Washington: Women and the Children's Bureau," in Gender, Class, Race and Reform in the Progressive Era, eds. Nancy Schrom Dye and Noralee Frankel (University of Kentucky Press: 1991), 110-126.

"Women's Health and Public Policy," in The History of Women, Health, and Medicine in America, ed. Rima Apple (Garland Publishing: 1990[ paper back Rutgers UP], 391-410.

Journal Articles

“Contraception or Eugenics? Sterilization and ‘Mental Retardation’ in the 1970s and 1980s,” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 31 (2014): 189-211

“My Left History [Symposium on ‘What is Left History?’],” Left History 11 (Spring 2006): 15-17.

“Coping with a ‘Public Menace’: Eugenic Sterilization in Minnesota,” Minnesota History 59 (Summer 2005): 237-248.

“Mother-Worship/Mother-Blame: Politics and Welfare in an Uncertain Age,” Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering 6 (Spring/Summer 2004): 7-15.

“Eugenics, Sterilization and Modern Marriage: the Strange Career of Paul Popenoe,” Gender & History 13 (August 2001): 298-327.

“Child Guidance and the Democratization of Mother-Blaming,” Reviews in American History 28 (December 2000): 593-600.

"Saving Babies and Sterilizing Mothers: Eugenics and Welfare Politics in the Interwar United States," Social Politics 4 (Spring 1997): 136-153.

"Love, Work, and the Meanings of Motherhood [review essay]," Journal of Women's History 8 (Fall 1996): 219-227.

"Toward Defining Maternalism in U.S. History," Journal of Women's History 5 (Fall 1993): 110-113.

"'Grannies' and 'Spinsters': Midwife Education Under the Sheppard-Towner Act," Journal of Social History 22 (Winter 1988): 255-275.

"Women Workers and the Yale Strike," Feminist Studies 11 (Fall 1985): 465-489.

"A Forum on the Yale Strike," Radical America 18 (Sept.-Oct. 1984): 7-19.

Conference Papers

“Sex, Psychiatry and Panic: Minnesota’s Psychopathic Personalities Law of 1939,” American Association for the History of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, May 2010

“Women’s Rights are Human Rights – A Call for Mothers’ Human Rights,” Baker Peace Conference, Ohio University, April 8-9, 2010.

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” Workshops on the History of State and Local Eugenics Practices,” Indiana University and NIH-National Human Genome Research Institute Grant, April & Sept. 2007.

Roundtable Discussion, “Indiana Eugenics: History and Legacy, 1907-2007,” Public Symposium at Indiana State Library, April 2007.

“What Child Left Behind? US Social Policy and the Hopeless Child,” Conference on Lost Children and Youth: Missing from Scholarship and Policy,” University of British Columbia, December 2006.

“Controlling ‘Defectives’ and Containing ‘Psychopaths’: Compulsory Commitment in Minnesota,” Social Science History Association, Minneapolis, Minn., November 2006.

“The Fiscal Politics of Eugenic Sterilization,” American Association of the History of Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, April 2004.

“Is the Personal Still Political? Mother-Work and the Academic Life,” New Frontiers Conference, York University, February 2004.

“’I heard you had that operation done: eugenic sterilization in Minnesota,” Dorothy Bernstein Lecture, University of Minnesota, History of Medicine Program, November 2003.

“Fixing Mothers, Saving Society: Psychology, Eugenics and American Welfare,” Mary Whiton Calkins Lecture, American Psychological Association, Toronto, ON, August 2003.

“Who is Defective? And Who Decides? The Feebleminded and the Courts,” American Association on the History of Medicine, Boston, May 2003.

“Mother-Worship/Mother-Blame: Politics and Welfare in an Uncertain Age,” Keynote address, Conference on Mothering, Law, Politics and Public Policy (Association for Research on Mothering, York University, October 2002

“Sex, the Defective Mother, and the Politics of Protection in Interwar Minnesota,” Eleventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, University of Connecticut, June 2002.

“Progressive Era: Social Justice or Social Control?” Learning Unlimited Lecture Series, Fairfield Seniors Centre, Etobicoke, February 2002.

“Eugenics and the Baby Boom: From Coercion to Therapy,” Lecture Series on Reproduction, Motherhood and Women’s Health, University of Iowa, Oct. 2000.

“History of Childhood in America,” invited participant & session chair, Benton Foundation, Washington DC, Aug. 2000.

"Conversation-Women, Science, and Medicine in Post-War North America: Comparative Canadian-American Perspectives," Organization of American Historians, Toronto, April 1999.

"Eugenics and the Baby Boom," Conference on Women, Science and Health, York University, March, 1999.

"Eugenics, Sterilization and Me," Distinguished Woman Visitor Lecture, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, February 1999.

"Eugenic Sterilization and the Politics of Welfare," Science and Technology Studies Symposium, Virginia Polytechnic University, Jan. 1999.

"Compulsory Sterilization and Feebleminded Women in Minnesota," American Studies Association, Montreal, Oct. 1999.

"'Fixing' Mothers: Child Welfare and Compulsory Sterilization in the American Midwest, 1925-45," Conference on Child Welfare and Social Action, University of Liverpool (UK) July 1998.

"'Feeblemindedness' and Social Welfare: Minnesota, 1925-1945" Canadian Historical Association, Ottawa, May 1998.

"Eugenics, Sterilization, and Modern Marriage: the Strange Career of Paul Popenoe," American Association of the History of Medicine, Toronto, May 1998.

"Mothers of the 'Race': Fit and Unfit Motherhood in Eugenic Discourse," Conference on Mothers and Daughters: Moving into the Next Millenium, York University, September 1997.

"'Because of their Bad Behavior': 'Feeblemindedness' and Compulsory Sterilization in Minnesota," 10th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, University of North Carolina, June 1996.

"The Eugenics Movement and Motherhood in the United States," American Historical Association, Atlanta, January 1996.

"Eugenic Thinking and Female Reform," Organization of American Historians, April, 1995.

"Eugenics and the Politics of Reproduction in the United States Between the Wars," Conference on "The Politics of Social Welfare and the Rationalization of Everyday Life: the U.S. and Germany during the Interwar Years." Werner Reimers Stiftung. Bad Homburg, Germany, February, 1995.

"Mothers of the Race: Fit Motherhood in Eugenic Discourse," American Studies Association, November 1993.

"Maternalism as Paradigm: Limits and Possibilities," Round- table, Social Science History Association, November 1992.

"It's Not Called Labor for Nothing: Mothering as Work," Keynote Address, Women's History Week, Gustavus Adolphus College, March 1992.

"It's Not Called Labor for Nothing: Mothering as Work, 1900-1930," Conference on Reworking American Labor History: Race, Gender, and Class, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, April 1992.

"Mothering and Social Welfare," Keynote Address, Women's History Week, Metro State University, St. Paul, MN, March 1991.

"Julia Lathrop, First Head of the Children's Bureau," Symposium Celebrating the Centennial Anniversary of the Founding of Hull-House, Rockford College, October 1989.

"Mothers' Pensions: Payment for Childrearing or Charity for Children?" Conference on Women's History and Public Policy, Sarah Lawrence College, June 1989.

"Hull House Goes to Washington: Mothers, Child Welfare and the State," American Historical Association, December 1988.

"Mothers, Child Welfare and the State: Women and the Children's Bureau," Conference on Women in the Progressive Era, National Museum of American History, March 1988.

"Voluntary Organizations, State Activity and Policies toward Mothers," Conference Series on Gender and the Origins of the Welfare State, Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Feb. 1988.

"Protecting Mothers and Infants: the Rise and Fall of the Sheppard-Towner Act," Seventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, June 1987.

Book Reviews

S.J. Kleinberg, Widows and Orphans First, Social Service Review 81 (2007): 170-72.

Johanna Schoen, Choice and Coercion, Bulletin of the History of Medicine (2006)

Wendy Kline, Building a Better Race, H-Disability@h-net.msu.edu (August 2002)

Ruth Feldstein, Motherhood in Black and White, Journal of Social History (Spring 2002)

Nancy Gallagher, Breeding Better Vermonters, Journal of American History (September 2000)

Elizabeth Rose, A Mother’s Job, Journal of Social History (Winter 2000): 207-08.

Julia Grant, Raising Baby by the Book, Journal of American History (June 1999): 279-80.

Joanne Goodwin, Gender and the Politics of Welfare Reform, Journal of Social History (Winter 1998): 470-2.

Janet Golden, A Social History of Wet Nursing, Journal of Social History (Summer 1998): 957-9.

Edward J. Larson, Sex, Race and Science, Journal of Southern History 62 (Aug 1996): 610-11

Michael B. Katz, Improving Poor People, Journal of American History (Dec.1995): 1256.

Amanda Anderson, Painted Souls and Painted Faces; Marilyn Wood Hill, Their Sisters’ Keepers; Regina Kunzel, Fallen Women, Problem Girls, Signs 21 (Autumn 1995)

Cynthia Commachio, Nations are Built of Babies, Canadian Historical Review (Sept 1994) 463-5

Carole Turbin, Working Women of Collar City, Labour/LeTravail

Miriam Formanek-Brunell, Made to Play House, Journal of American History (March 1993)

Mina Carson, Settlement Folk, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 341-2.

Richard A. Meckel, Save the Babies, Journal of Social History 25: 630-2.

Judith Walzer Leavitt. Brought to Bed, Journal of Interdisciplinary History .

Michael B. Katz, In the Shadow of the Poorhouse, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 24 (April 1988)

Roy Rosenzweig, Eight Ours for What We Will, International Labor and Working-Class History 27 (Spring 1985): 130-132.

Forthcoming

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” in 100 Years of Eugenics: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Project, ed. Paul A. Lombardo (Univ. of Indiana Press, forthcoming Fall 2010).

Area of Specialization

History

Degrees

Ph.D., American Studies, Yale University
M.Phil., M.A., American Studies, Yale University
M.A., American Studies, Case Western Reserve University
B.A., Honors in History, Oberlin College

Research Interests:

Research Interests: 20th Century U.S. History, health and welfare, gender, childhood, eugenics

All Publications

Books

Becoming a Historian: A Canadian Manual, 2nd ed., co-Edited with Franca Iacovetta et al. Canadian Historical Association: 2008 (first ed., 1999).

Women, Health and Nation: Canada and the United States Since 1945 Co-edited with Georgina Feldberg, Alison Li & Kathryn McPherson (Mc-Gill-Queen’s University Press, 2003) 438 pp.

'Bad' Mothers: The Politics of Blame in 20th-Century America Co-edited with Lauri Umansky (New York Univ. Press: 1998) 411 pp.

Root of Bitterness: Documents of the Social History of American Women, 2nd revised edition. Co-edited with Nancy F. Cott, Jeanne Boydston, Ann Braude and Lori Ginzberg (Northeastern University Press: 1996) 440 pp.

Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State 1890-1930 (University of Illinois Press: 1994) 211 pp.

Raising a Baby the Government Way: Mothers' Letters to the Children's Bureau, 1915-1932, edited with introduction (Rutgers University Press: 1986) 212 pp.

Book Chapters

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” in 100 Years of Eugenics: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Project, ed. Paul A. Lombardo (Univ. of Indiana Press, 2011), 117-140.

“What Child Left Behind? US Social Policy and the Hopeless Child,” in Lost Kids: Vulnerable Children and Youth in Twentieth-Century Canada and the United States eds. Mona Gleason et al, (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2009), 157-174.

“The ‘Sociological Advantages’ of Sterilization: Fiscal Politics and Feebleminded Women in Interwar Minnesota,” in Mental Retardation in America: A Historical Anthology, eds. Steven Noll and James W. Trent (New York University Press, 2004), 281-299.

“Comparative Perspectives on Canadian and American Women’s Health Care Since 1945,” co-authored with G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson, Women, Health and Nation, eds. G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003), 15-44.

“’A Kind of Genetic Social Work: Sheldon Reed and the Origins of Genetic Counseling,” Women, Health and Nation, eds. G. Feldberg, M. Ladd-Taylor, A. Li and K. McPherson (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003), 67-83.

"'Fixing' Mothers: Child Welfare and Compulsory Sterilization in the American Midwest, 1925-1945" in Child Welfare and Social Action eds. Jon Lawrence and Pat Starkey (Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2001)

"'My Work Came Out of My Agony and Grief': The Sheppard-Towner Act," in Mothers of A New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States, eds. Seth Koven and Sonya Michel (Routledge: 1993), 321-342.

"Federal Help for Mothers: The Rise and Fall of the Sheppard-Towner Act in the 1920s," in Gendered Domains: Rethinking Public and Private in Women's History, eds. Susan Reverby and Dorothy O. Helly (Cornell University Press: 1992), 217-227.

"'Why Does Congress Wish Women and Children to Die': The Rise and Fall of Public Maternal and Infant Health Care in the U.S. 1921-1929," in Women and Children First: International Maternal and Infant Welfare, eds. Valerie Fildes, Hilary Marchand, and Lara Marks (Routledge: 1992), 121-132.

"Hull House Goes to Washington: Women and the Children's Bureau," in Gender, Class, Race and Reform in the Progressive Era, eds. Nancy Schrom Dye and Noralee Frankel (University of Kentucky Press: 1991), 110-126.

"Women's Health and Public Policy," in The History of Women, Health, and Medicine in America, ed. Rima Apple (Garland Publishing: 1990[ paper back Rutgers UP], 391-410.

Journal Articles

“Contraception or Eugenics? Sterilization and ‘Mental Retardation’ in the 1970s and 1980s,” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 31 (2014): 189-211

“My Left History [Symposium on ‘What is Left History?’],” Left History 11 (Spring 2006): 15-17.

“Coping with a ‘Public Menace’: Eugenic Sterilization in Minnesota,” Minnesota History 59 (Summer 2005): 237-248.

“Mother-Worship/Mother-Blame: Politics and Welfare in an Uncertain Age,” Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering 6 (Spring/Summer 2004): 7-15.

“Eugenics, Sterilization and Modern Marriage: the Strange Career of Paul Popenoe,” Gender & History 13 (August 2001): 298-327.

“Child Guidance and the Democratization of Mother-Blaming,” Reviews in American History 28 (December 2000): 593-600.

"Saving Babies and Sterilizing Mothers: Eugenics and Welfare Politics in the Interwar United States," Social Politics 4 (Spring 1997): 136-153.

"Love, Work, and the Meanings of Motherhood [review essay]," Journal of Women's History 8 (Fall 1996): 219-227.

"Toward Defining Maternalism in U.S. History," Journal of Women's History 5 (Fall 1993): 110-113.

"'Grannies' and 'Spinsters': Midwife Education Under the Sheppard-Towner Act," Journal of Social History 22 (Winter 1988): 255-275.

"Women Workers and the Yale Strike," Feminist Studies 11 (Fall 1985): 465-489.

"A Forum on the Yale Strike," Radical America 18 (Sept.-Oct. 1984): 7-19.

Conference Papers

“Sex, Psychiatry and Panic: Minnesota’s Psychopathic Personalities Law of 1939,” American Association for the History of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, May 2010

“Women’s Rights are Human Rights – A Call for Mothers’ Human Rights,” Baker Peace Conference, Ohio University, April 8-9, 2010.

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” Workshops on the History of State and Local Eugenics Practices,” Indiana University and NIH-National Human Genome Research Institute Grant, April & Sept. 2007.

Roundtable Discussion, “Indiana Eugenics: History and Legacy, 1907-2007,” Public Symposium at Indiana State Library, April 2007.

“What Child Left Behind? US Social Policy and the Hopeless Child,” Conference on Lost Children and Youth: Missing from Scholarship and Policy,” University of British Columbia, December 2006.

“Controlling ‘Defectives’ and Containing ‘Psychopaths’: Compulsory Commitment in Minnesota,” Social Science History Association, Minneapolis, Minn., November 2006.

“The Fiscal Politics of Eugenic Sterilization,” American Association of the History of Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, April 2004.

“Is the Personal Still Political? Mother-Work and the Academic Life,” New Frontiers Conference, York University, February 2004.

“’I heard you had that operation done: eugenic sterilization in Minnesota,” Dorothy Bernstein Lecture, University of Minnesota, History of Medicine Program, November 2003.

“Fixing Mothers, Saving Society: Psychology, Eugenics and American Welfare,” Mary Whiton Calkins Lecture, American Psychological Association, Toronto, ON, August 2003.

“Who is Defective? And Who Decides? The Feebleminded and the Courts,” American Association on the History of Medicine, Boston, May 2003.

“Mother-Worship/Mother-Blame: Politics and Welfare in an Uncertain Age,” Keynote address, Conference on Mothering, Law, Politics and Public Policy (Association for Research on Mothering, York University, October 2002

“Sex, the Defective Mother, and the Politics of Protection in Interwar Minnesota,” Eleventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, University of Connecticut, June 2002.

“Progressive Era: Social Justice or Social Control?” Learning Unlimited Lecture Series, Fairfield Seniors Centre, Etobicoke, February 2002.

“Eugenics and the Baby Boom: From Coercion to Therapy,” Lecture Series on Reproduction, Motherhood and Women’s Health, University of Iowa, Oct. 2000.

“History of Childhood in America,” invited participant & session chair, Benton Foundation, Washington DC, Aug. 2000.

"Conversation-Women, Science, and Medicine in Post-War North America: Comparative Canadian-American Perspectives," Organization of American Historians, Toronto, April 1999.

"Eugenics and the Baby Boom," Conference on Women, Science and Health, York University, March, 1999.

"Eugenics, Sterilization and Me," Distinguished Woman Visitor Lecture, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, February 1999.

"Eugenic Sterilization and the Politics of Welfare," Science and Technology Studies Symposium, Virginia Polytechnic University, Jan. 1999.

"Compulsory Sterilization and Feebleminded Women in Minnesota," American Studies Association, Montreal, Oct. 1999.

"'Fixing' Mothers: Child Welfare and Compulsory Sterilization in the American Midwest, 1925-45," Conference on Child Welfare and Social Action, University of Liverpool (UK) July 1998.

"'Feeblemindedness' and Social Welfare: Minnesota, 1925-1945" Canadian Historical Association, Ottawa, May 1998.

"Eugenics, Sterilization, and Modern Marriage: the Strange Career of Paul Popenoe," American Association of the History of Medicine, Toronto, May 1998.

"Mothers of the 'Race': Fit and Unfit Motherhood in Eugenic Discourse," Conference on Mothers and Daughters: Moving into the Next Millenium, York University, September 1997.

"'Because of their Bad Behavior': 'Feeblemindedness' and Compulsory Sterilization in Minnesota," 10th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, University of North Carolina, June 1996.

"The Eugenics Movement and Motherhood in the United States," American Historical Association, Atlanta, January 1996.

"Eugenic Thinking and Female Reform," Organization of American Historians, April, 1995.

"Eugenics and the Politics of Reproduction in the United States Between the Wars," Conference on "The Politics of Social Welfare and the Rationalization of Everyday Life: the U.S. and Germany during the Interwar Years." Werner Reimers Stiftung. Bad Homburg, Germany, February, 1995.

"Mothers of the Race: Fit Motherhood in Eugenic Discourse," American Studies Association, November 1993.

"Maternalism as Paradigm: Limits and Possibilities," Round- table, Social Science History Association, November 1992.

"It's Not Called Labor for Nothing: Mothering as Work," Keynote Address, Women's History Week, Gustavus Adolphus College, March 1992.

"It's Not Called Labor for Nothing: Mothering as Work, 1900-1930," Conference on Reworking American Labor History: Race, Gender, and Class, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, April 1992.

"Mothering and Social Welfare," Keynote Address, Women's History Week, Metro State University, St. Paul, MN, March 1991.

"Julia Lathrop, First Head of the Children's Bureau," Symposium Celebrating the Centennial Anniversary of the Founding of Hull-House, Rockford College, October 1989.

"Mothers' Pensions: Payment for Childrearing or Charity for Children?" Conference on Women's History and Public Policy, Sarah Lawrence College, June 1989.

"Hull House Goes to Washington: Mothers, Child Welfare and the State," American Historical Association, December 1988.

"Mothers, Child Welfare and the State: Women and the Children's Bureau," Conference on Women in the Progressive Era, National Museum of American History, March 1988.

"Voluntary Organizations, State Activity and Policies toward Mothers," Conference Series on Gender and the Origins of the Welfare State, Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Feb. 1988.

"Protecting Mothers and Infants: the Rise and Fall of the Sheppard-Towner Act," Seventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, June 1987.

Book Reviews

S.J. Kleinberg, Widows and Orphans First, Social Service Review 81 (2007): 170-72.

Johanna Schoen, Choice and Coercion, Bulletin of the History of Medicine (2006)

Wendy Kline, Building a Better Race, H-Disability@h-net.msu.edu (August 2002)

Ruth Feldstein, Motherhood in Black and White, Journal of Social History (Spring 2002)

Nancy Gallagher, Breeding Better Vermonters, Journal of American History (September 2000)

Elizabeth Rose, A Mother’s Job, Journal of Social History (Winter 2000): 207-08.

Julia Grant, Raising Baby by the Book, Journal of American History (June 1999): 279-80.

Joanne Goodwin, Gender and the Politics of Welfare Reform, Journal of Social History (Winter 1998): 470-2.

Janet Golden, A Social History of Wet Nursing, Journal of Social History (Summer 1998): 957-9.

Edward J. Larson, Sex, Race and Science, Journal of Southern History 62 (Aug 1996): 610-11

Michael B. Katz, Improving Poor People, Journal of American History (Dec.1995): 1256.

Amanda Anderson, Painted Souls and Painted Faces; Marilyn Wood Hill, Their Sisters’ Keepers; Regina Kunzel, Fallen Women, Problem Girls, Signs 21 (Autumn 1995)

Cynthia Commachio, Nations are Built of Babies, Canadian Historical Review (Sept 1994) 463-5

Carole Turbin, Working Women of Collar City, Labour/LeTravail

Miriam Formanek-Brunell, Made to Play House, Journal of American History (March 1993)

Mina Carson, Settlement Folk, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 341-2.

Richard A. Meckel, Save the Babies, Journal of Social History 25: 630-2.

Judith Walzer Leavitt. Brought to Bed, Journal of Interdisciplinary History .

Michael B. Katz, In the Shadow of the Poorhouse, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 24 (April 1988)

Roy Rosenzweig, Eight Ours for What We Will, International Labor and Working-Class History 27 (Spring 1985): 130-132.

Forthcoming

“Eugenics and Social Welfare in New Deal Minnesota,” in 100 Years of Eugenics: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Project, ed. Paul A. Lombardo (Univ. of Indiana Press, forthcoming Fall 2010).