Paul E Lovejoy

Department of History

Professor
Canada Research Chair in African Diaspora History
Distinguished Research Professor

Office: York Lanes, 329
Phone: (416)736-2100 Ext: 66917
Emailplovejoy@yorku.ca
Primary websitewww.lovejoy1943.wordpress.com/
Secondary websitewww.africaworldpressbooks.com/harriet-tubman-series/

As Distinguished Research Professor and Canada Research Chair in African Diaspora History at York University, I have published over 30 books and 100 articles and chapters in books on African history and African diaspora history.

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PAUL E. LOVEJOY is Distinguished Research Professor, Department of History, York University, and holds the Canada Research Chair in African Diaspora History. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Director of the Harriet Tubman Institute for Research on the Global Migrations of African Peoples, and formerly a member of the UNESCO “Slave Route” Project (Section du dialogue interculturel). He is Editor of the Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora for Africa World Press, and has been awarded an Honorary Degree, Doctor of the University, University of Stirling in 2007, the President’s Research Award of Merit at York University in 2009, the Distinguished Africanist Award by the University of Texas at Austin in 2010, the Life Time Achievement Award in 2011 from the Canadian Association of African Studies, and the Teaching Award from the Faculty of Graduate Studies, York University in 2012.

Area of Specialization

History

Degrees

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin
M.Sc., University of Wisconsin
B.Sc., Clarkson College of Technology

Professional Leadership

Editorial Board, Studies in Global Slavery (Damian Alan Pargas and Jeff Fynn-Paul, eds.), Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 2014-2015
Advisory Board, Cátedra de Estudios de África y el Caribe (Chair in African and Caribbean Studies), Universidad de Costa Rica, 2011-2015
International Scientific Committee, UNESCO General History of Africa, 2012-2015
Board of Directors, Pan-African Universities Press, 2015
Founding Director, The Harriet Tubman Institute for Research on Africa and its Diasporas, 2008-2012
International Scientific Committee, UNESCO “Slave Route” Project, 1997-2011
General Editor, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora, Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ

Executive Committee, Advanced Research and Technology Collaboratory for the Americas (ARTCA)

Co editor, African Economic History, 1991-present

Editorial Board, Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies, 2003-present

Editorial Board, Atlantic Studies: Literary, Cultural and Historical Perspectives, 2004-present

Conselho Consultivo da Revista, Tempo, Revista do Departamento de História da Universidade Federal Fluminense, 2005-present

H-AfResearch Advisory Board, 2003-present

Advisory Board, William Wilberforce Museum, Hull, 2005-07

Editorial Board, Oxford Encyclopaedia of Economic History (London: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Co-Organizer of the “Harriet Tubman Seminar,” Tubman Institute, York University

Conseil Scientifique de l’Institut Béninois d’Etudes et de Recherche sur la Diaspora Africaine (IBERDA), Université Natonale du Bénin

Text and Testimony Collective, University of the West Indies

College of Assessors, Canada Research Chair Program, 2002

Advisory Board, Canadian Journal of History, 1998

Series Editor, African Modernization and Development, Westview Press, 1986-98

Series Co-Editor, African Nations and Societies in History, Westview Press, 1992-98

Convener, UNESCO/SSHRCC Summer Institute, “Identifying Enslaved Africans: The ‘Nigerian’ Hinterland and the African Diaspora,” York University, 1997

Co-chair, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, 1994

Guest Curator, Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool, 1992-94

Editorial Board, African Studies Review, 1988-1991

Editorial Board, Journal of African History, 1986 90

Editorial Board, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 1983 90

Board of Directors, Innovation York, 1986-90

Board of Directors, Ontario Molecular Diagnostics, Inc., 1987-90

Board of Directors, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, 1987-89

Co-editor, Journal of Asian and African Studies, 1987

Executive Committee, Canadian Association of Africa Studies, 1983 85

Editorial Board, African Economic History, 1976 1982

Community Contributions

Implementation of the Itineraries of African Canadian Memory with UNESCO Slave Route Project, 2010-2012 Summer Programme for Students (age 14-18), Tubman Institute, summers


Research Interests

History , African Studies , Culture and Cultural Studies, Race and Racism, Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Slavery; African Economic

Current Research Projects

Perspectives on Historical and Contemporary Ransoming Practices


Project Type: Funded
Role: Principal Investigator


Start Date:  Month: Mar  Year: 2014
End Date:  Month: Aug  Year: 2015

Collaborator: Jennifer Lofkrantz
Collaborator Role: Co-applicant

Funders: 
SSHRC

All Publications

Books

2014 Slavery, Abolition and the Transition to Colonialism in Sierra Leone. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press (co-edited with Suzanne Schwarz)

2013 The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery: New Directions in Teaching and Learning. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press (co-edited with Benjamin Bowser)

2011 Crossing Memories: Slavery and African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Ana Lucia Araujo and Mariana Pinho Cândido)

2011 H.H. Johnston’s “The History of a Slave” (1889). Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener (edited)

2011 Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 3rd revised edition

2010 Repercussions of the Atlantic Slave Trade: The Interior of the Bight of Biafra and the African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Carolyn Brown)

2009 Slavery, Islam and Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Behnaz Asl Mirzai and Ismael Musah Montana)

2008 Africa and Trans-Atlantic Memories: Literary and Aesthetic Manifestations of Diaspora and History. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Naana Opoku-Agyemang, and David Trotman)

2008 Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology, London, Routledge, 2nd ed. (co-edited with Jordan Goodman and Andrew Sherratt)

2008 Haití – Revolución y emancipación. San José, Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica (co-edited with Rina Cáceres)

2007 The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: His Passage from Slavery to Freedom in Africa and America (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publisher, 2nd rev ed.) (co-edited and introduction, with Robin Law)

2005 Hugh Clapperton into the Interior of Africa: Records of the Second Expedition 1825-1827. Leiden, Brill (co-edited with Jamie Bruce Lockhart)

2005 Under the North Star: Black Communities in Upper Canada before Confederation (1867) , by Donald Simpson. New Brunswick NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (edited)

2005 Slavery, Commerce and Production in West Africa: Slave Society in the Sokoto Caliphate. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora

2005 Ecology and Ethnography of Muslim Trade in West Africa. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora

2004 Enslaving Connections: Changing Cultures of Africa and Brazil during the Era of Slavery. Amherst NY: Humanity Books (co-edited with José C. Curto)

2004 Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam. Princeton, Markus Wiener Publisher (edited)

2003 Pawnship, Slavery and Colonialism in Africa. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Toyin Falola)

2003 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History, editor in chief, Joel Mokyr. New York, Oxford University Press, 5 vols. (co-editor)

2003 Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of Ethnicity in the African Diaspora. London, Continuum, Black Atlantic Series (co-edited with David Trotman)

2003 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History , editor in chief, Joel Mokyr. New York, Oxford University Press, 5 vols. (co-editor)

2003 Busah's Mistress, Or Catherine the Fugitive. A Romance Set in the Days of Slavery, by Cyrus Francis Perkins (Brantford, Ontario, 1855). Kingston, Jamaica, Ian Randle, Publisher (co-edited and introduction, with Verene Shepherd and David Trotman)

2002 A escravidão na África. Uma história de suas transformações. Rio de Janeiro, Civilização Brasileira (trad: Regina A.R.F. Bhering and Luiz Guilherme B. Chaves)

2001 The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: His Passage from Slavery to Freedom in Africa and America. Princeton, Markus Wiener Publisher (co-edited and introduction, with Robin Law)

2000 Identity in the Shadow of Slavery. Black Atlantic Series, London, Cassell Academic, Black Atlantic Series (editor)

2000 Slaves and Slave Holders on the Gold Coast: Towards an Understanding of Social Bondage in West Africa , by Peter Haenger. Basel, P. Schglettwein Publishing (co-edited with J.J. Shafer)

2000 Transformations in Slavery. History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2nd and revised edition

1997 Pilgrims, Interpreters and Agents: French Reconnaissance Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno, 1891-1895. Madison: African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1997 Displacement and the Politics of Violence in Nigeria. Leiden: Brill, International Studies in Sociology and Anthropology (originally published as a special issue on population displacement in contemporary Nigeria, Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 33, no. 1/2 (co-edited with Patricia Ama Tokunbo Williams)

1995 Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology. London, Routledge (co-edited with Jordan Goodman and Andrew Sherratt)

1994 Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press (co-edited with Toyin Falola)

1994 The Sokoto Caliphate and the European Powers, 1890-1906. Special issue of Paideuma (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1994 Unfree Labor in the Development of the Atlantic World. London: Frank Cass; also special issue of Slavery and Abolition (co-edited with Nicholas Rogers)

1994 Slavery and its Abolition in French West Africa: The Official Reports of G. Poulet, E. Roume, and G. Deherme. Madison, African Studies program (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1993 Slow Death for Slavery. The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897-1936. Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series (with J.S. Hogendorn)

1986 Salt of the Desert Sun. A History of Salt Production and Trade in the Central Sudan. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series

1986 Africans in Bondage. Studies in Slavery and the Slave Trade. Madison, Wisconsin, African Studies Program (editor)

1985 The Workers of African Trade. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications (co edited with Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch)

1983 Transformations in Slavery. History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series

1981 The Ideology of Slavery in Africa. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications (editor)

1980 Caravans of Kola. The Hausa Kola Trade, 1700-1900. Zaria, Ahmadu Bello University Press; and Ibadan, University Press, Ltd.

Book Chapters

2015 "Mode de production des sociétés esclavagistes," Repenser l'anthropologie aujourd'hui avec Emmanuel Terray: Colloque international (Paris: CNRS), 13 pp.

2013 “Transformation of the Ékpè Masquerade in the African Diaspora,” in Christopher Innes, Annabel Rutherford and Brigitte Bogar, eds., Carnival: Theory and Practice (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press), 127-52

2013 “Pawnship and Seizure for Debt in the Process of Enslavement in West Africa,” in in Gwyn Campbell and Alessandro Stanziani, eds., Debt and Slavery in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds (London: Pickering and Chatto), 63-76

2013 “The Land Question in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria,” in Ojong Echum Tangban and Chukwuma C.C. Osakwe, eds., Perspectives in African Historical Studies: Essays in Honour of Prof. Chinedu Nwafor Ubah (Kaduna: Nigerian Defence Academy), 667-88

2011 “The Autobiography of Oluadah Equiano, the African, and the Life of Gustavus Vassa, Reconsidered,” in Ana Lucia Araujo, Mariana Pinho Cândido and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Crossing Memories in the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press), 15-34

2010 “The Slave Ports of the Bight of Biafra in the Eighteenth Century,” in Carolyn Brown and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Repercussions of the Atlantic Slave Trade: The Interior of the Bight of Biafra and the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press) (with David Richardson)

2010 "Commerce and Credit in Katsina in the Nineteenth Century," in Emily Brownell and Toyin Falola, eds., Africa, Empire and Globalization: Essays In Honor of A.G. Hopkins (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press) (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2009 “The Autobiography of Oluadah Equiano, the African, and the Life of Gustavus Vassa, Reconsidered,” in Ana Lucia Araujo, Mariana Pinho Cândido and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Crossing Memories in the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press)

2009 “Gustavus Vassa, Africano quien trató de humanizar la esclavización en la Costa de Mosquitos, 1775-1780,” in Jaime Arocha, ed., Nina S. de Friedemann, cronista de disidencias y resistencias (Bogota, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas, 2009), 205-31

2009 “The Slave Trade as Enforced Migration in the Central Sudan,” in Claudia Haake and Richard Bessel, eds., Removing Peoples: Forced Removal in the Modern World (London: German Historical Institute, 2008), Chapter 7

2009 “The African Background of Venture Smith,” in James B. Stewart, ed., Venture Smith and the Business of Slavery and Freedom (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press)

2009 “Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” in Andrew Apter and Lauren Derry, eds., Activating the Past Historical Memory in the Black Atlantic (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholarly Publishing)

2009 “The Memorialisation of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Freedom Narratives,” in Swithin R. Wilmot, ed., Freedom: Retrospective and Perspective (Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers), 16-31

2008 “Transatlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” in Boubacar Barry, Livio Sansone, and Elisée Soumonni, eds., Africa, Brazil, and the Construction of Trans-Atlantic Black Identities (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press)

2008 “Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery: The Lives of Two Muslims, Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” in Naana Opoku-Agyemang, Paul E. Lovejoy, and David Trotman, eds), Africa and Trans-Atlantic Memories: Literary and Aesthetic Manifestations of Diaspora and History (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press).

2008 “Resistencia y rebellion en Río Tinto,” in Rina Cáceres Gómez, ed., Del olvido a la memoria: Esclavitud, resitencia y cultura (San José: UNESCO, 2008), 17-22

2008 “Los niños de Atlántico,” in Rina Cáceres Gómez, ed., Del olvido a la memoria: África en tiempos de la esclavitud (San José: UNESCO, 2008), 47-54

2008 “Las ambiciones imperiales británicas en la Costa de la Mosquitia y la abolición de la esclavitud indígena, 1773-1781,” in Rina Cáceres and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds. Haití – Revolución y emancipación (San José: Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica)

2007 “The Arabic Manuscript of Muhammad Kaba Saghanughu of Jamaica, c. 1820,” in Annie Paul, ed., Creole Concerns: Essays in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite (Kingston: University of the West Indies Press) (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2007 “Civilian Casualties in the Context of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” in John Laband, ed., Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Africa: From Slavery Days to Rwandan Genocide (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press), 17-50

2007 “Alhaji Ahmad el-Fellati ibn Dauda ibn Muhammad Manga: Personal Malam to Emir Muhammad Bello of Kano,” in Femi J. Kolapo and Kwabena Akurang-Parry, eds., African Agency and European Colonialism: Latitudes of Negotiations and Containment:Essays in Honour of Sydney Kanya-Forstner

2007 “Slavery, the Slave Trade and African Society,” in Douglas Hamilton and Robert J. Blyth, eds., Representing Slavery: Art, Artefacts and Archives in the Collections of the National Maritime Museum (London: Ashgate, 2007), 28-39

2007 “Internal Markets or an Atlantic-Sahara Divide? How Women Fit into the Slave Trade of West Africa,” in Gwyn Campbell, Suzanne Miers, and Joseph C. Miller (eds.), Women and Slavery (Athens: Ohio University Press)

2007 “O Fator Iorubá no Tráfico Transatlântico de Escravos,” in Mariza de Carvalho Soares (organizadora), Rotas Atlânticas da Diáspora Africana: os 'Pretos Minas' no Rio de Janeiro, séculos XVIII-XX (Rio de Janeiro)

2007 “African Agency and the Liverpool Slave Trade,” in Suzannah Schwartz and David Richardson, eds., Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, with David Richardson)

2006 “The Context of Enslavement in West Africa: Ahmad Bābā and the Ethics of Slavery,” in Jane Landers (ed.), Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press), 9-38

2006 “Identity and the Mirage of Ethnicity: Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua’s Journey in the Americas,” in Jay B. Haviser and Kevin C. MacDonald, eds., African Re-Genesis: Confronting Social Issues in the Diaspora (London: Cavendish Publishing), 90-105

2006 “Biographies of Enslaved Muslims from the Central Sudan in the Nineteenth Century,” in H. Bobboyi and A.M. Yakubu, eds., The Sokoto Caliphate: History and Legacies, 1804-2004 (Kaduna: Arewa House, 2006), vol. 1, 187-216

2005 “Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” in Willem Wubbo Klooster and Alfred Padula (eds.), The Atlantic World: Essays on Slavery, Migration, and Imagination (New York: Prentice-Hall), 126-46

2005 “The Yoruba Factor in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” in Matt Childs and Toyin Falola (eds.), The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 40-55

2004 “Slavery, the Bilād al-Sudan and the Frontiers of the African Diaspora,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 1-30

2004 “Muslim Freedmen in the Atlantic World: Images of Manumission and Self-Redemption,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 235-64

2004 “Community of Believers: Trinidad Muslims and the Return to Africa, c. 1810-1850,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 221-34 (with David Trotman)

2004 “Muhammad Kābā Saghanughu and the Muslim Community of Jamaica,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 201-20 (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2004 “Slaves to Palm Oil: Afro-European Commercial Relations in the Bight of Biafra, 1741-1841,” in David Killingray, Margarette Lincoln, and Nigel Rigby (eds.), Maritime Empires (London: Boydell & Brewer) (with David Richardson)

2003 “The Black Atlantic in the Construction of the ‘Western’ World: Alternative Approaches to the ‘Europeanization’ of the Americas,” in Dirk Hoerder, Christiane Harzig and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Diversity in History: Transcultural Interactions from the Early Modern Mediterranean World to the Twentieth-Century Postcolonial World (New York: Berghahn Books), 109-33

2003 “Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” Palaver: Africa e alter terre, 1, 85-114

2003 “International Trade in West Africa in the Nineteenth Century: Salaga and Kano as ‘Ports of Trade’,” in Toyin Falola (ed.), Ghana in Africa and the World. Essays in Honor of Adu Boahen (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press), 477-512

2003 “Ethnicity and the African Diaspora,” in Paul E. Lovejoy and David Trotman (eds.) Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of the Ethnicity in the African Diaspora (London: Continuum) (with David Trotman)

2003 “Ethnic Designations of the Slave Trade and the Reconstruction of the History of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” in Paul E. Lovejoy and David Trotman (eds.) Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of the Ethnicity in the African Diaspora (London: Continuum)

2003 “A Escravidão no Califado de Socoto," in Manolo Florentino and Cicilda Machado (eds.), Ensaios sobre a escravidão (Belo Horizonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais), 37-64

2003 “Anglo-Efik Relations and Protection against Illegal Enslavement at Old Calabar 1740-1807,” in Sylviane Diouf (ed.), Fighting the Slave Trade: West African Strategies (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 101-20 (with David Richardson)

2002 “Enslaved Africans and their Expectations of Slave Life in the Americas: Towards a Reconsideration of Models of ‘Creolisaton’,” in Verene A. Shepherd and Glen L. Richards (eds.), Questioning Creole: Creolisaton Discourses in Caribbean Culture (Kingston: Ian Randal, Publishers), 67-91

2002 “Nueces de Cola en Cartagena: Intercambios Transatlánticos en el siglo XVII,” in Claudia Mosquera, Mauricio Pardo and Odile Hoffmann (eds.) Afrodescendientes en las América: Trayectorias socials e identitarias (Bogota: Universidad Nacional Colombia), 195-212 (with Renée Soulodre-La France)

2002 “Methodology through the Ethnic Lens: The Study of Atlantic Africa,” in Toyin Falola and Christian Jennings (eds.), African Historical Research: Sources and Methods (Rochester: University of Rochester Press)

2001 “Letters of the Old Calabar Slave Trade, 1760-89” in Vincent Carretta and Philip Gould (eds.), Genius in Bondage: Literatures of the Early Black Atlantic (Louisville, University of Kentucky Press) (with David Richardson), 89-115

2001 “Experiencias de vida y exectativas: Nociones Africanas sobre la esclavitud y la realidad en América,” in Rina Cáceres (ed.), Rutas de la Esclavitud en África y América Latina (San José: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica), 379-404 (with David Trotman)

2000 “The Clapperton-Bello Exchange: the Sokoto Jihad and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, 1804-1837,” in Christopher Wise (ed.), The Desert Shore: Literatures of the African Sahel (Boulder: Lynne Rienner), 201-28

2000 “Identifying Enslaved Africans in the African Diaspora,” in Lovejoy (ed.), Identity in the Shadow of Slavery (London: Cassell Academic)

1999 "Slave-Trading Ports: Toward an Atlantic-Wide Perspective,” in Robin Law and Silke Strickrodt (eds.), Ports of the Slave Trade (Bights of Benin and Biafra) (Stirling: Centre of Commonwealth Studies, University of Stirling), 12-34 (with David Eltis and David Richardson)

1997 "The Condition of Slaves in the Americas," in From the Slave Trade to the Challenge of Development: Reflections on the Conditions for a Lasting Peace (Paris: UNESCO).

1997 "Cross-Border Migration and Political Instability," in Antonio R. Magalhaes(ed.), Sustainable Development: Implications for World Peace (Austin, University of Texas Press), 41-46; Discussion, 47-57.

1997 "Biography as Source Material: Towards a Biographical Archive of Enslaved Africans," in Robin Law (ed.), Source Material for Studying the Slave Trade and the African Diaspora (Centre of Commonwealth Studies, University of Stirling), 119-140.

1997 "`Pawns Will Live When Slaves is Apt to Dye': Credit, Slaving and Pawnship at Old Calabar in the Era of the Slave Trade," LSE Working Papers in Economic History (London, London School of Economics and Political Science) (with David Richardson).

1997 "The Changing Dimensions of African History: Reappropriating the Diaspora," (with Robin Law), in Simon McGrath, Charles Jedrej, Kenneth King, and Jack Thompson (eds.), Rethinking African History (Edinburgh, Centre of African Studies), 181-200.

1995 "Afterward" in Jordan Goodman, Paul E. Lovejoy, and Andrew Sherratt, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology (London: Routledge) (with Jordan Goodman), 229-34.

1995 "The `Coffee' of the Sudan: Consumption of Kola Nuts in the Sokoto Caliphate in the Nineteenth Century," in Jordan Goodman, Paul E. Lovejoy, and Andrew Sherratt, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology (London, Routledge), 103-25.

1995 "The Initial `Crisis of Adaptation': The Impact of British Abolition on the Atlantic Slave Trade in West Africa, 1808-20", in Robin Law, ed., From Slave Trade to `Legitimate' Commerce: The Commercial Transition in Nineteenth-Century West Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) (with David Richardson), 32-56.

1994 "Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective," in Toyin Falola and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective (Boulder, Westview Press) (with Toyin Falola), 1-26.

1994 "The Central Sudan and the Atlantic Slave Trade," in Robert W. Harms, Joseph C. Miller, David C. Newbury, and Michelle D. Wagner, Paths to the Past: African Historical Essays in Honor of Jan Vansina (Atlanta: African Studies Association Press), 345-70.

1992 "The Ibadan School of History," in Toyin Falola, ed., African Historiography. Essays in Honour of J.F. Ade Ajayi (Lagos and London: Longman).

1992 "Keeping Slaves in Place. The Secret Debate on the Slavery Question in Northern Nigeria, 1900-1904," in Stanley Engerman and J.E. Inikori, eds., The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies, and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press), 49-75 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1992 "Historical Setting," in Helen Metz, ed., Nigeria: A Country Study. Library of Congress, Area Handbook Series, Washington, D.C., 1-83.

1989 "Commerce," in Pierre Bonte and Michel Izard, eds., Dictionnaire de l'ethnologie et de l'anthropologie (Paris, Presses Universitaires de France)

1988 "The Reform of Slavery in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria," in S. Miers and R. Roberts, ed., The End of Slavery in Africa (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press), with J.S. Hogendorn, 391-414

1986 "Problems of Slave Control in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., Africans in Bondage. Studies in Slavery and the Slave Trade (Madison, African Studies Program), 235-272.

1986 "Fugitive Slaves: Resistance to Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Gary Okihiro and Herbert Aptheker, eds., Resistance Not Acquiesence: Studies in African, Afro American and Caribbean History (Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press), 71-95.

1985 "The Internal Trade of West Africa, 1450 1800," in J. F. A. Ajayi and Michael Crowder, eds., History of West Africa (London, Longman Group Ltd.), vol. I, rev. ed.

1985 "The Volume of the Central Sudan Salt Trade," in G. Liesegang, A. Pasch, A. Jones, eds., Figuring African Trade (Berlin: Reimar).

1985 "The Ibadan School and Its Critics," in Bogumil Jewseiwicki and David Newbury, eds., Which History for Which Africans? (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications)

1985 "Merchants, Porters, and Teamsters in the Nineteenth Century Central Sudan," in Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., The Workers of African Trade (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), with M. B. Duffill, 137-167.

1985 "The Workers of Trade in Precolonial Africa," in Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., The Workers of African Trade (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), with Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch, 9-24.

1981 "Slavery in the Context of Ideology," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., The Ideology of Slavery in Africa (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), 11-38.

1981 "Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., The Ideology of Slavery in Africa (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), 200-243.

1979 "Slave Marketing in West Africa," in H. Gemery and J. S. Hogendorn, eds., The Uncommon Market: Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (New York, Academic Press), 213-35 (with J. S. Hogendorn).

1979 "Slavery in West Africa," in H. Gemery and J. S. Hogendorn, eds., The Uncommon Market: Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (New York, Academic Press), 181-212 (with M. Klein).

1977 "The Tuareg of the Central Sudan: Gradations in Servility at the Desert Edge (Niger and Nigeria)," in S. Miers and I. Kopytoff, eds., Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press), 391-411 (with S. Baier).

Journal Articles

2015 “Maintaining Network Boundaries: Islamic Law and Commerce from Sahara to Guinea Shores,” Slavery and Abolition, 36:2, 211-32 (with Jennifer Lofkrantz)

2015 "Jihad, 'Era das Revoluções' e história atlântica: desafiando a interpretação de Reis da história brasileira," Topoi, 16:30, 390-401

2014 "Jihad na Africa Ocidental durante a “Era das Revoluções”: em direcao a um dialogo com Eric Hobsbawm e Eugene Genovese," Topoi, 15:28, 22-67

2012 “Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa – What’s in a Name?” Atlantic Studies, 9:2

2012 “Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa – What’s in a Name?” Atlantic Studies, 9:2, 165-84

2011 “Freedom Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” Slavery and Abolition, 32:1, 91-107

2011 “Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano, en la Costa de Mosquitos: Supervisor de Plantación y Abolicionista,” Revista de Temas Nicaragüenses, 36, 102-45

2011 “Les origines de Catherine Mulgrave Zimmermann: considérations méthodologiques,” Cahiers des Anneaux de la Mémoire 14, 247-63

2009 “Extending the Frontiers of Transatlantic Slavery, Partially,” Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11:1, 57-70

2007 “Construction of Identity: Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa?” Slavery and Abolition, 28, 1

2007 “Comparing the Life Histories of Two Muslims in the Americas: Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” Estudios de Asia y Africa

2007 “Patterns in Regulation and Collaboration in the Slave Trade of West Africa,” Leidschrift, 22, 1

2006 “Construction of Identity: Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa?” Historically Speaking, 7:3, 8-9, reprinted in Donald A. Yerxa, ed., Recent Themes in the History of Africa and the Atlantic World: Historians in Conversation (Charleston: University of South Carolina Press, 2008), 93-100

2006 “The Children of Slavery: The Trans-Atlantic Phase,” Slavery and Abolition, 27:2, 197-218

2006 “Autobiography and Memory: Gustavus Vassa and the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” Slavery and Abolition, 27:3, 317-47

2006 “Slavery in Ecclesiastical Archives: Preserving the Records,” Hispanic American Historical Review, 86:2, 337-46 (with Mariza Soares, Jane Landers, and Andrew McMichael)

2006 “Mercadores e carregadores das Caravanas do Sudão Central, século XIX,” Tempo: Revista de História (Rio de Janeiro), 10:20, 61-82

2005 “The Urban Background of Enslaved Muslims in the Americas,” Slavery and Abolition, 26:3, 347-72

2004 “ ‘This Horrid Hole’: Royal Authority, Commerce and Credit at Bonny, 1690-1840,” Journal of African History, 45:3, 363-92 (with David Richardson)

2002 “Islam, Slavery, and Political Transformation in West Africa: Constraints on the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Outre-Mers: Revue d’histoire, 89: 247-82

2002 “Identidade e a Miragem da Ethnicidade: A Jornada de Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua para as Américas,” Afro-Ásia, 27: 9-39

2001 “The Business of Slaving: Pawnship in Western Africa, c. 1600-1810,” Journal of African History,42:1, 67-89 (with David Richardson)

2001 “The Oral History of Royal Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate: An Interview with Sallama Dako,” History in Africa, 28: 273-91 (with Sean Stilwell and Ibrahim Hamza)

2000 “J.K. Cochrane: “‘Exploration in Bornu’: An Account of Borno and Bedde in 1902,” Bulletin of the Museum Society of Maiduguri, 10

2000 “Jihad e Escravidao: As Origens dos Escravos Muculmanos de Bahia,” Topoi (Rio de Janeiro), 1, 11-44

1999 "Trust, Pawnship and Atlantic History: The Institutional Foundations of the Old Calabar Slave Trade,” American Historical Review, 104:2, 332-55 (with David Richardson)

1999 “Les origenes de los esclavos en las Americas Perspectivas Methodologicas,” Revista de Historia, 36.

1999 “Borgu in the Atlantic Slave Trade,” African Economic History, 27 (with Robin Law)

1999 “Cerner les identities au sein de la diaspora africaine, l’islam et l’esclavage aux Ameriques,” Cahiers des Anneaux de la Memoire, 1, 249-78

1997 "Editing Nineteenth-Century Intelligence Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno: The Advantages of a Collaborative Approach," History in Africa, 24, 195-204 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1997 "La vie quotidienne en Afrique de l'Ouest au temps de la `Route des esclaves'", Diogène, 179, 3-19.

1995 "British Abolition and its Impact on Slave Prices at the Atlantic Coast of Africa, 1783-1850," Journal of Economic History, 55:1 (with David Richardson), 98-119.

1995 "Competing Markets for Male and Female Slaves: Slave Prices in the Interior of West Africa, 1780-1850," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 28:2, 261-93 (with David Richardson).

1994 "Introduction," Special issue on the Sokoto Caliphate and the European Powers, 1890-1906," Paideuma, 49, 7-14 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1994 "Background to Rebellion: The Origins of Muslim Slaves in Bahia," Slavery and Abolition, 15:2, 151-80.

1994 "Introduction: Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World," Slavery and Abolition, 15:2 (with N. Rogers)

1993 "C.L. Temple's `Notes on the History of Kano'," Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources (with Abdullahi Mahadi and Mansur Ibrahim Mukhtar), 4, 7-76.

1992 "Murgu: The Wages of Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," Slavery and Abolition, 24:1, 168-185.

1992 "Commentary" on John Hunwick, "Falkeiana II: A Letter from the Amir of Mafara to the Amir of Zamfara," Sudanic Africa. A Journal of Historical Sources, 3, 103-105.

1992 "Collaborative Research in the Recovery of Documentation on the Conquest of the Sokoto Caliphate," Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources, 3, 165-172 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1991 "Miller's Vision of Meillassoux," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 24:1, 133-145.

1990 "Revolutionary Mahdism and Resistance to Colonial Rule in the Sokoto Caliphate (1905-1906)," Journal of African History, 31:2, 217-244 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1990 "Concubinage in the Sokoto Caliphate," Slavery and Abolition, XXI:2, 159-189.

1989 "The Development and Execution of Frederick Lugard's Policies Toward Slavery in Northern Nigeria," Slavery and Abolition, 10:1, 1-43 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1989 "The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africa: A Review of the Literature," Journal of African History, 30, 365-94

1988 "Concubinage and the Status of Women Slaves in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria," Journal of African History, 29:2, 245-266.

1984 "Commercial Sectors in the Economy of the Nineteenth Century Central Sudan: the Trans Saharan Trade and the Desert Side Salt Trade," African Economic History, 13:85 116.

1982 "Polanyi's `Ports of Trade': Salaga and Kano in the Nineteenth Century," Canadian Journal of African Studies, 16:2, 245-278.

1982 "The Volume of the Atlantic Slave Trade: A Synthesis," Journal of African History, 23:4, 473-501. (Reprinted in Paul Finkelman, ed., Outstanding Articles on Slavery, Hamden, Conn., Garland Publishing, Inc.; also reprinted in David Northrup, ed., The Atlantic Slave Trade, Lexington, Mass., D.C. Heath and Co., 1994).

1980 "Kola in the History of West Africa," Cahiers d'études africaines. 20:1/2 97-134; 173-175. Commentaries by Yves Person, Stephen Baier, Jean Loup Amselle, and Jean Pierre Chauveau, 149-171.

1979 "Pastoralism in Africa," Peasant Studies, 8:2, 73-85.

1979 "Indigenous African Slavery," Historical Reflections/ Reflexions Historiques, 6:1, 19-6l. Reprinted in Michael Craton, ed., Roots and Branches: Current Directions in Slave Studies (Toronto, Pergamon Press), 19 6l. Commentaries by Igor Kopytoff and Frederick Cooper, 62 83.

1979 "The Characteristics of Plantations in the Nineteenth Century Sokoto Caliphate (Islamic West Africa)," American Historical Review, 74:4, 1267-92.

1978 "The Role of the Wangara in the Economic Transformation of the Central Sudan in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries," Journal of African History, 19:2, 173-93 (Reprinted in A.J.R. Russell-Wood, ed., An Expanding World: The European Impact on World History 1450-1800 (Birmingham, Variorium Press, 1996).

1978 "Plantations in the Economy of the Sokoto Caliphate," Journal of African History, 19:3, 341-68.

1978 "The Borno Salt Industry," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 11:4, 629-68.

1978 "Notes on the Asl al Wangariyyin," Kano Studies, I:3, 46-52.

1978 "Oral Data Collection and the Economic History of the Central Sudan," Savanna, 8:1, 71-4 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1975 "The Desert Side Economy of the Central Sudan," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 8:4, 551-81: reprinted in Michael Glantz, ed., Drought in the Sahel: The Politics of a Natural Disaster (New York, Praeger, 1976), 145 75 (with S. Baier).

1974 "Interregional Monetary Flows in the Precolonial Trade of Nigeria," Journal of African History, 15:4, 563-85.

1973 "The Kambarin Beriberi: The Formation of a Specialized Group of Hausa Kola Traders in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of African History, 14:4, 633-57.

1971 "Long Distance Trade and Islam: The Case of the Nineteenth Century Hausa Kola Trade," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, 5:4, 537-47.

Conference Papers

“Narrative Strategies in the Explication of the Slave Experience in Africa and America,” Comparative History Workshop, Niagara-on-the-lake, Ont., March 19-21, 2010

"Gustavus Vassa and the Scottish Enlightenment,” Panel on "Biography and History: The Debate over Olaudah Equiano's Interesting Narrative," American Historical Association Annual Meeting, New York, January 2, 2009

“The Memorialization of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Freedom Narratives,” Early Modern History Workshop, University of Minnesota, February 27, 2009

“Indigenous Interpretations of History in West Africa before 1800,” William A. Brown Memorial Lecture on Islam in West Africa, University of Wisconsin, March 12, 2009

“Debt and Slavery: the History of a Process of Enslavement,” Indian Ocean World Centre, McGill University, May 7-9, 2009

“Tales of Slavery: Narratives of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Enslavement in Africa,” University of Toronto, Toronto, May 20-23, 2009

“L’impact de l’abolition de la traite par la Grande-Bretagne sur les discours nationaux en France, aux Etats-Unis, au Danemark, en Espagne, au Portugal et aux Pays-Bas,” Paris – June 11-13, 2009

Key Note Address, “Rethinking Africa and the Atlantic World,” University of Stirling, September 3-6, 2009

“Slavery and Migration in African History,” WISE Workshop, “Understanding Slavery: Historical Slave Systems and Contemporary Problems,” Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull, September 21-22, 2009

“African Slavery: Was it a ‘Migration’?,” Conference on Forced African Labour: Slavery, Migration, and Contemporary Bondage in Africa, Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull, September 23-25, 2009

Institut d’été/d’hivernage, “Esclavage en patrimoine: Représenter l’histoire dans l’espace public,” Port-au-Prince, Haiti, décembre 2009

Colloque International Lancement du Programme EURSCL (7e PCRD), < Les silences nationaux sur les exclavages et les traits et leurs heritages contemporains sur la question des migrations > Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Fort de France, Martinique, March 21, 2008

« Festival on Memories of Slavery – Documenting the Heritage of the Slave Trade through Video - Patrimoine et mémoire de l'esclavage et de la traite. Festival de la vidéo de recherche » The First Annual Research Video Festival, Nat Taylor Cinema, York University, April 28, 2008

Workshop on Digital Archiving, Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica, May 29, 2008, sponsored by British Library Endangered Archives Programme and the Tubman Institute

Conference on “Diáspora, nación y diferencia. Poblaciones de origen africano en México y Centroamérica,” Xalapa, Veracruz, México, June 10-13, 2008

“Carnival: ‘People’s Art’ and ‘Taking Back the Streets’,” Toronto, July 30-August 3, 2008, co-sponsored by the Tubman Institute and Kofler Centre at the University of Toronto, organized by Christopher Innes, Canada Research Chair, and co-sponsored by the Tubman Institute

Institut d’été/d’hivernage , « Blacks or Negroes », « Africans or Hyphenated Afro’s », « Slave descendants or Immigrants » Deconstructing the categories of designation and questioning the representations of identity in the past and present,” Institut Interdisciplinaire Virtuel des Hautes Études sur les Esclavages et les Traites - Virtual Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies of Slavery and the Slave Trade, Aix-en-Provence, August 23-29, 2008

“Empire, Slave Trade and Slavery: Rebuilding Civil Society in Sierra Leone Past and Present,” Wilberforce Institute (WISE), University of Hull, September 26-28, 2008; organized in collaboration with the Tubman Institute

“Esclavitud, ciudadanía y memoria: Puertos Menores en el Caribe y el Atlántico,” Simposio Internacional, San Fernando de Omoa, Honduras, November 13-16, 2008, co-sponsored by La Secretaria de Cultura, Artes y Deportes, Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, and Tubman Institute

“Living history: Encountering the memory of the heirs of slavery,” workshop at the American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 6, 2008

“Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” Lecture, Department of History, University of Pittsburgh, February 5-6, 2008

“Memoralizing Slavery and the Slave Trade in ‘Freedom Narratives’,” Department of History, Brock University, March 7, 2008

“Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” Colloque International Lancement du Programme EURSCL (7e PCRD), < Les silences nationaux sur les exclavages et les traits et leurs heritages contemporains sur la question des migrations > Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Fort de France, Martinique, March 21, 2008

Panel Discussion, “This Ambiguous Anniversary,” Conference on “Ending the International Slave Trade: A Bicentenary Inquiry,” College of Charleston, March 26-29, 2008

“Second Workshop on Endangered Archives,” Tubman Institute, York University, April 19, 2008

“Biography and History – The Life Stories of Two Muslims of the Slave Trade,” Lecture, Universidad de Costa Rica, May 6, 2008

Round table discussion with the Honorable Governor General of Canada, "De la fin de l'esclavage à la diversité culturelle: se souvenir d'hier pour mieux dialoguer aujourd'hui," Bordeaux, May 10, 2008; organized through Office of the Governor General of Canada

Meeting in the Gambia on restoration of national archives through a pilot digitization Project, funded through the Tubman Social Justice Fund and in collaboration with the Tubman Institute, May 13-16, 2008

Workshop on Digital Archiving, Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica, May 29, 2008, sponsored by British Library Endangered Archives Programme and the Tubman Institute, and organized by Nadine Hunt

“A British-American Forum,” Fraunces Tavern, New York City, June 2, 2008, in association with Beecher House Society and Wilberforce Institute (WISE)

“British Imperial Ambitions on the Mosquito Shore in the eighteenth century and the Abolition of ‘Indian’ Slavery,” Conference on “Diáspora, nación y diferencia. Poblaciones de origen africano en México y Centroamérica,” Xalapa, Veracruz, México, June 10-13, 2008

“Biography and Autobiography: Representations of Self and Others in the Writings of Africans during the Era of Slavery,” presented at « Blacks or Niggers », « Africans or Hyphenated Afro’s », « Slave descendants or Immigrants » Deconstructing the categories of designation and questioning the representations of identity in the past and present, Institut Interdisciplinaire Virtuel des Hautes Études sur les Esclavages et les Traites - Virtual Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies of Slavery and the Slave Trade, Aix-en-Provence, August 23-29, 2008

“The Province of Senegambia – An Early British Colony in Africa (1765-83),” presented at “Empire, Slave Trade and Slavery: Rebuilding Civil Society in Sierra Leone Past and Present,” Wilberforce Institute (WISE), University of Hull, September 26-28, 2008

“Economic Systems along the Trade Route,” Conference on “Slave Routes: Resistance, Abolition, and Creative Process,” New York University, October 9-12, 2008

“The Legacies of Slavery for Africa and America,” University of British Columbia, October 29-30, 2008

“Esclavitud, ciudadanía y memoria: Puertos Menores en el Caribe y el Atlántico,” Simposio Internacional, San Fernando de Omoa, Honduras, November 13-16, 2008, co-sponsored by La Secretaria de Cultura, Artes y Deportes, Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, and Tubman Institute

“Comparative Plantation Systems: Conceptualizing the Role of Slavery in the Evolution of the Modern World,” University of Mississippi, November 20, 2008

“Commerce and Credit in Katsina in the Nineteenth Century” (with Yacine Daddi Addoun), Workshop on “Historical Constructions of “Race” and Social Hierarchy in Muslim West and North Africa”, Dakar, Senegal, December 9-12, 2008, sponsored by the Tubman Institute and Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa (ISITA), Northwestern University, in collaboration with the Department of History, Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar

“Sex, Power and Slavery: The Dynamics of Carnal Relations under Enslavement,” McGill University, Montreal, 19-21 April 2007

“Slavery: Unfinished Business,” Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE), University of Hull, 17-19 May 2007

“African Trajectories of Slavery: Perceptions, Practices, Experiences,” Centre of African Studies, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 25-26 May 2007

“Micro-histoire et histoires de vie,” CIRESC Symposium, EHESS, Paris, May 31–June 1, 2007

“Essaouira 2007: 10ème édition du Festival Gnawas et Musiques du Monde,” Morocco, June 19-23, 2007

“ ‘The Bloody Writing is for ever torn’: Domestic and International Consequences of the First Governmental Efforts to Abolish the Atlantic Slave Trade,” Omohundro Institute, Cape Coast, Ghana, 8-12 August, 2007

“Freedom: Retrospective and Prospective,” University of the West Indies, Jamaica, August 31 – September 1, 2007

Keynote, Conference on Venture Smith, University of Connecticut, 20-21 September 2007

“III Encontro Internacional de História de Angola,” Ministério da Cultura, Luanda, Angola, 25-28 September 2007

“Alcohol in the Atlantic World: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives,” York University, Toronto (Canada) 24-27 October, 2007

“Scotland, Slavery and Abolition,” New College, University of Edinburgh, November 10, 2007

“Confronting Slavery: Towards a Dialogue of Understanding,” Rio de Janeiro, 22-25 November 2007

“Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano, on the Mosquito Shore: Plantation Overseer cum Abolitionist,” Symposium on Slavery, Culture, and Religion, Cahuita, Costa Rica, 11-14 February 2006

“The Myth of Liberia and the African Setting of the Kru Coast: A Critique of David Brian Davis, ‘Exiles, Exodus, and Promised Lands’,” Tanner Lectures, Stanford University, February 22-24, 2006

“Identity and Diaspora: The Interesting Narrative of Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano,” McMaster University, March 2, 2006

“Olaudah Equiano, alias Gustavus Vassa: African Icon or American Trickster?” John S. Saul Interdisciplinary Graduate Seminar, York University, March 14, 2006

“The Slave Trade as Enforced Migration,” Conference on “Removing Peoples: Forced Migration in the Modern World (1850 – 1950),” University of York, April 20 – 22, 2006

Commentary, “Navigating around Colonialism: Culture and Exchange beyond the Reaches of the Imperial State,” Atlantic History Workshop, "'Recapricorning' the Atlantic: Luso-Brazilian and Luso-African Perspectives on the Atlantic World," University of Michigan and Michigan State University, May 11-12, 2006

Commentary, “Navigating around Colonialism: Culture and Exchange beyond the Reaches of the Imperial State,” Atlantic History Workshop, "'Recapricorning' the Atlantic: Luso-Brazilian and Luso-African Perspectives on the Atlantic World," University of Michigan and Michigan State University, May 11-12, 2006

“Harriet Tubman,” Conference on “Names on the Wall,” Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE), University of Hull, July 6-8, 2006

“The African Dimension,” Conferencia sobre Etnicidad en la Región Centroamericana, Antigua Guatemala, 9-12 March 2005

“Amerindian, African, European – Interface, Interaction, Intercourse,” Keynote Address, Conference on Activating the Past: Latin America in the Black Atlantic, UCLA, April 23-4, 2005

“Comparing the Life Histories of Two Muslims in the Americas,” El Colegio de Mexico, 26 April 2005

“Las rutas de la esclavitud y la experiencia en África,” Conference on Negros, mulatos y morenos de Guerrero y sus costas: afrodescendientes y diversidad cultural, Acapulco, 27-29 April 2005

“Autobiography and Memory: Gustavus Vassa and the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” Colloque international/International Conference: Mémoires croisées : esclavage et diaspora africaine – Crossing Memories : Slavery and African Diaspora, Université Laval, 2-3 May 2005

Chair, Panel on Mediterranean and African Political Economies, Conference “The Atlantic World and Virginia, 1550-1624,” Omohundro Institute on Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, March 2004

Chair, Panel on Yoruba Slavery, “Yoruba in the History of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” Conference on “Perspectives on Yoruba History and Culture,” University of Texas, 26-28 March 2004

“The Children of Slavery - the Trans-Atlantic Phase,” Conference on “Children and Slavery,” Université d’Avignon, Avignon, 20-22 May 2004

“Civilian Casualties in the Context of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Conference on “Collateral Damage,” University of Toronto, 28-29 May 2004

“Alternatives to Revolution and Insurrection – Olaudah Equiano and the Abortive Plantation Scheme of Dr. Charles Irving on the Mosquito Shore,” Conference on Revolución, Independencia y Emancipación. La lucha contra la esclavitud, Limón, Costa Rica, 26-28 August 2004

“Urban and Rural: The Experiences of Enslaved Muslims in Africa and the Americas,” Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University, November 6, 2004

Commentator, Between Race and Place: Blacks and Blackness in Central America and the Mainland Caribbean, Tulane University, November 12-13, 2004

Session Organizer, African Diaspora Panels, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, November 2004

Panel Coordinator, Canadian Association of African Studies Annual Meeting, Joint sessions with the African Studies Association, New Orleans, November 2004

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” African Studies Symposium, Brock University, 4 February 2003

Organizer, Workshop on the Underground Railroad and the History of Blacks in Upper Canada, The Harriet Tubman Resource Centre on the African Diaspora, York University, February 21, 2003

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on the Trans-Atlantic World during the Era of Slavery,” Keynote Address, Sixth Annual Africana Studies Student Research Colloquium, Bowling Green State University, March 21, 2003

Chair, "African Urban Spaces: History and Culture," University of Texas, Austin, March 28 - 30, 2003

“Escravidão Africana & Tráfico Atlântico nas Américas,” Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) June 2-4, 2003

“Archives, Intangible Heritage, and Museums,” presented at “African Diaspora: The Making of the Atlantic World,” Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, June 28 - July 1, 2003

“La Narrativa Africana y la Diáspora,” Festival de la Cultura Negra, Limón, Costa Rica, 22 August 2003

“Slavery, the Bilad al-Sudan and the Frontiers of the African Diaspora,” Conference on “Islam, Slavery and Diaspora,” York University, 24-26 October 2003

Chair, Panel on Slavery, Captives and Captive Labour, Tri-University History Conference, University of Guelph, 8 November 2003

“Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery: The Lives of Two Muslims, Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” Conference on “Literary Manifestations of the African Diaspora,” University of Cape Coast, Ghana, 10-14 November 2003

“The Yoruba Factor in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Boston, 30 November 2003

“Rural and Urban in the Context of Caribbean Slavery and Emancipation,” Conference on “City Life in Caribbean History,” Cave Hill, Barbados, 11-13 December 2003

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on the Trans-Atlantic World during the Era of Slavery,” Keynote Address, Sixth Annual Africana Studies Student Research Colloquium, Bowling Green State University, March 21, 2003

“The Arabic Manuscript of Muhammad Kaba Saghanughu of Jamaica, c. 1823,” The Second Conference on Caribbean Culture, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica, January 9-12, 2002 (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

Round table, “The Future of Atlantic World Studies,” Allen Morris Conference on the History of Florida and the Atlantic World, Florida State University, February 1-2, 2002

Forum for the Expansion of Europe and Global Interaction, Huntington Library, February 14-16, 2002

“Publishing Workshop,” Conference on Nigeria in the 20th Century, University of Texas, March 29-31, 2002

“Muhammd Kaba Saghanughu and the Muslim Community of Jamaica,” Syracuse University, April 18, 2002

Chair, “Art and Architecture in Urban Africa,” Conference on “African Urban Spaces: History and Culture,” University of Texas, Austin, 28-30 March 2002

Chair, Panel on “After Abolition: Europe and Africa,” Canadian Association of African Studies, Toronto, May 29-June 1, 2002

Organizer, Workshop on Database Construction and the African Diaspora, York University, 2-12 July 2002, www.yorku.ca/nhp

“The Sahara-Atlantic Divide, Or How Women Fitted into the Slave Trade,” Conference on “Slavery and Forced Labour: Women in Slavery,” Université d’Avignon, 16-18 October 2002

Roundtable, African American Experience Project, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Cultures, New York Public Library, 23 November 2002

“Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” Workshop on “The Trans-Atlantic Construction of the Notions of ‘Race’, Black Culture, Blackness and Antiracism: Towards a New Dialogue between Researchers in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean,” Gorée, Senegal, 11-17 November 2002

“Baquaqua in Brazil,” Seminar, Universidade Federale da Bahia, February 2001

“Anglo-Efik Relations and Protection against Illegal Enslavement at Old Calabar, 1740-1807,” Conference on “Fighting Back: African Strategies Against the Slave Trade,” Rutgers University, February 16-17, 2001 (with David Richardson)

“The Ethnic Origins of Enslaved Africans in the Americas,” Atlantic History Lecture Series, University of Southern Maine, February 26, 2001

“Cyrus Francis Perkins’ Busha’s Mistress, or Catherine the Fugitive: Historical and Literary Context,” Harriet Tubman Seminar, York University, March 24, 2001 (with Verene Shepherd)

“The Visual Representations of Ethnicity of the Slave Trade,” Byrne Lecture, Vanderbilt University, March 27, 2001

“Methodology through the Ethnic Lens,” Pathways: A Conference on Sources and Methods in African Scholarship, University of Texas, March 30-April 1, 2001

“The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: A Man of the African Diaspora,” World Archaeological Congress, Intercongress on the African Diaspora, Jacob Gelt Dekker Institute, Curaçao, 23-29 April, 2001

“Conceptualizing and Defining the African Diaspora,” Roundtable Discussion, Symposium on the African Diaspora, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York, May 4, 2001

“The Importance of Collaborative Research in the Study of the African Diaspora,” Workshop on Atlantic Crossings: Women’s Voices, Women’s Stories from the Caribbean and the Nigerian Hinterland, Dartmouth College, May 18-20, 2001

“Creating the Community of Believers: African Muslims in Trinidad, c. 1800-1850,” Second International Conference, “Esclavage et religion dans les temps modernes,” Essaouira, Morocco, June 15-17, 2001 (with David Trotman)

“Biography and Autobiography,” NEH Summer Institute for College Instructors, “Roots: The African Dimension of Early American History and Culture, through the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” University of Virginia, Charlottesville, June 28, 2001

“From Slaves to Palm Oil: Anglo-Biafran Commercial Relations 1767-1841,” Conference on “Maritime Empires,” National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, July 2-3, 2001 (with David Richardson)

“The State of African, African-American, Caribbean, and African Diaspora Stuides,” A symposium, Princeton University, October 10, 2001

“The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua," Conference on “Slave Narratives,” Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio, October 11-13, 2001

“Kola Nuts in Cartegena: 17th Century Trans-Atlantic Exchange,” Simposio internacional, “Pasado, Presente y Futuro de los Afrodescendientes,” Cartagena, 18-20 October, 2001 (with Renée Souldore-La France)

“The State of Africa, African-American, Caribbean, and African Diaspora Studies,” Roundtable Discussion, Princeton University, October 10, 2001

“Methodology through the Ethnic Lens: The Study of Atlantic Africa,” Historian’s Craft, Department of History, York University, October 25, 2001

“A Importância de Pesquisa em Parceria na Reconstrução da História da Diáspora Africana – O Projeto da UNESCO de Rotas de Escravos e a Experiência do Projeto York/UNESCO do Interior da Nigéria,” Seminar o “Mês da consciencia negra,” Rio de Janeiro, 6-8 November 2001

“Debating the African Diaspora: African Studies and African Diaspora Studies,” Roundtable Discussion, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Houston, Texas, November 15-18, 2001

“Community of Believers: Trinidad Muslims and the Return to Africa, 1810-1850,” Conference on “Aguda: Aspects of Afro-Brazilian Heritage in the Bight of Benin,” Ecole du Patrimoine Africain, Porto Novo, Republique du Benin, 26-30 November 2001 (with David Trotman)

“Letters of the Old Calabar Slave Trade, 1761-1789,” Forum on European Expansion and Global Interaction, St. Augustine, Florida, February 17-19, 2000

“Ethnic Designations of the Slave Trade,” Black Atlantic/African Diaspora Seminar Series, Rutgers University, February 24, 2000

“Slavery and Memory in an Islamic Society: Whose Audience? Which Audience?” Conference on Historians and their Audiences: Mobilizing History for the Millenium, York University, 13-15 April 2000

“The Black Atlantic in the Construction of the “Western” World: Alternative Approaches to the “Europeanization” of the Americas,” Conference on Recasting European and Canadian History: National Consciousness, Migration, Multicultural Lives, Bremen, Germany, 18-21 May 2000

“Identity and the Mirage of Ethnicity: Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua’s Journey to the Americas,” Conference on Liberté, identité, integration et servitude, Al-Akhawayn University, Morocco, 29-30 Juin 2000

“That ‘Horrid Hole’: Bonny and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Conference on “Reprecussions of the Slave Trade: The African Diaspora and the Hinterland of the Bight of Biafra,” Nike Lake, Enugu, July 2000 (with David Richardson)

“Muslim Freedmen in the Atlantic World: Images of Manumission and Self-Redemption,” Conference on “From Slavery to Freedom: Manumission in the Atlantic World,” October 4-6, 2000, College of Charleston, Charleston

Approach To Teaching

Teaching involves mentoring. It requires knowledge of the field being studied and a willingness to distinguish between learning the facts and discovering how to think critically. Teaching involves expression through writing and learning that the written word is different from the spoken word. Teaching also requires a political and moral commitment to social justice, gender equity, and the search for the truth.


As Distinguished Research Professor and Canada Research Chair in African Diaspora History at York University, I have published over 30 books and 100 articles and chapters in books on African history and African diaspora history.


PAUL E. LOVEJOY is Distinguished Research Professor, Department of History, York University, and holds the Canada Research Chair in African Diaspora History. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Director of the Harriet Tubman Institute for Research on the Global Migrations of African Peoples, and formerly a member of the UNESCO “Slave Route” Project (Section du dialogue interculturel). He is Editor of the Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora for Africa World Press, and has been awarded an Honorary Degree, Doctor of the University, University of Stirling in 2007, the President’s Research Award of Merit at York University in 2009, the Distinguished Africanist Award by the University of Texas at Austin in 2010, the Life Time Achievement Award in 2011 from the Canadian Association of African Studies, and the Teaching Award from the Faculty of Graduate Studies, York University in 2012.

Area of Specialization

History

Degrees

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin
M.Sc., University of Wisconsin
B.Sc., Clarkson College of Technology

Professional Leadership



Editorial Board, Studies in Global Slavery (Damian Alan Pargas and Jeff Fynn-Paul, eds.), Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 2014-2015
Advisory Board, Cátedra de Estudios de África y el Caribe (Chair in African and Caribbean Studies), Universidad de Costa Rica, 2011-2015
International Scientific Committee, UNESCO General History of Africa, 2012-2015
Board of Directors, Pan-African Universities Press, 2015
Founding Director, The Harriet Tubman Institute for Research on Africa and its Diasporas, 2008-2012
International Scientific Committee, UNESCO “Slave Route” Project, 1997-2011
General Editor, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora, Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ

Executive Committee, Advanced Research and Technology Collaboratory for the Americas (ARTCA)

Co editor, African Economic History, 1991-present

Editorial Board, Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies, 2003-present

Editorial Board, Atlantic Studies: Literary, Cultural and Historical Perspectives, 2004-present

Conselho Consultivo da Revista, Tempo, Revista do Departamento de História da Universidade Federal Fluminense, 2005-present

H-AfResearch Advisory Board, 2003-present

Advisory Board, William Wilberforce Museum, Hull, 2005-07

Editorial Board, Oxford Encyclopaedia of Economic History (London: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Co-Organizer of the “Harriet Tubman Seminar,” Tubman Institute, York University

Conseil Scientifique de l’Institut Béninois d’Etudes et de Recherche sur la Diaspora Africaine (IBERDA), Université Natonale du Bénin

Text and Testimony Collective, University of the West Indies

College of Assessors, Canada Research Chair Program, 2002

Advisory Board, Canadian Journal of History, 1998

Series Editor, African Modernization and Development, Westview Press, 1986-98

Series Co-Editor, African Nations and Societies in History, Westview Press, 1992-98

Convener, UNESCO/SSHRCC Summer Institute, “Identifying Enslaved Africans: The ‘Nigerian’ Hinterland and the African Diaspora,” York University, 1997

Co-chair, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, 1994

Guest Curator, Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool, 1992-94

Editorial Board, African Studies Review, 1988-1991

Editorial Board, Journal of African History, 1986 90

Editorial Board, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 1983 90

Board of Directors, Innovation York, 1986-90

Board of Directors, Ontario Molecular Diagnostics, Inc., 1987-90

Board of Directors, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, 1987-89

Co-editor, Journal of Asian and African Studies, 1987

Executive Committee, Canadian Association of Africa Studies, 1983 85

Editorial Board, African Economic History, 1976 1982

Community Contributions



Implementation of the Itineraries of African Canadian Memory with UNESCO Slave Route Project, 2010-2012 Summer Programme for Students (age 14-18), Tubman Institute, summers


Research Interests:

History , African Studies , Culture and Cultural Studies, Race and Racism, Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Slavery; African Economic

Current Research Projects

Perspectives on Historical and Contemporary Ransoming Practices


Project Type: Funded
Role: Principal Investigator


Start Date:  Month: Mar  Year: 2014
End Date:  Month: Aug  Year: 2015

Collaborator: Jennifer Lofkrantz
Collaborator Role: Co-applicant

Funders: 
SSHRC

All Publications

Books

2014 Slavery, Abolition and the Transition to Colonialism in Sierra Leone. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press (co-edited with Suzanne Schwarz)

2013 The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery: New Directions in Teaching and Learning. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press (co-edited with Benjamin Bowser)

2011 Crossing Memories: Slavery and African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Ana Lucia Araujo and Mariana Pinho Cândido)

2011 H.H. Johnston’s “The History of a Slave” (1889). Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener (edited)

2011 Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 3rd revised edition

2010 Repercussions of the Atlantic Slave Trade: The Interior of the Bight of Biafra and the African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Carolyn Brown)

2009 Slavery, Islam and Diaspora. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Behnaz Asl Mirzai and Ismael Musah Montana)

2008 Africa and Trans-Atlantic Memories: Literary and Aesthetic Manifestations of Diaspora and History. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Naana Opoku-Agyemang, and David Trotman)

2008 Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology, London, Routledge, 2nd ed. (co-edited with Jordan Goodman and Andrew Sherratt)

2008 Haití – Revolución y emancipación. San José, Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica (co-edited with Rina Cáceres)

2007 The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: His Passage from Slavery to Freedom in Africa and America (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publisher, 2nd rev ed.) (co-edited and introduction, with Robin Law)

2005 Hugh Clapperton into the Interior of Africa: Records of the Second Expedition 1825-1827. Leiden, Brill (co-edited with Jamie Bruce Lockhart)

2005 Under the North Star: Black Communities in Upper Canada before Confederation (1867) , by Donald Simpson. New Brunswick NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (edited)

2005 Slavery, Commerce and Production in West Africa: Slave Society in the Sokoto Caliphate. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora

2005 Ecology and Ethnography of Muslim Trade in West Africa. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora

2004 Enslaving Connections: Changing Cultures of Africa and Brazil during the Era of Slavery. Amherst NY: Humanity Books (co-edited with José C. Curto)

2004 Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam. Princeton, Markus Wiener Publisher (edited)

2003 Pawnship, Slavery and Colonialism in Africa. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, The Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora (co-edited with Toyin Falola)

2003 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History, editor in chief, Joel Mokyr. New York, Oxford University Press, 5 vols. (co-editor)

2003 Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of Ethnicity in the African Diaspora. London, Continuum, Black Atlantic Series (co-edited with David Trotman)

2003 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History , editor in chief, Joel Mokyr. New York, Oxford University Press, 5 vols. (co-editor)

2003 Busah's Mistress, Or Catherine the Fugitive. A Romance Set in the Days of Slavery, by Cyrus Francis Perkins (Brantford, Ontario, 1855). Kingston, Jamaica, Ian Randle, Publisher (co-edited and introduction, with Verene Shepherd and David Trotman)

2002 A escravidão na África. Uma história de suas transformações. Rio de Janeiro, Civilização Brasileira (trad: Regina A.R.F. Bhering and Luiz Guilherme B. Chaves)

2001 The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: His Passage from Slavery to Freedom in Africa and America. Princeton, Markus Wiener Publisher (co-edited and introduction, with Robin Law)

2000 Identity in the Shadow of Slavery. Black Atlantic Series, London, Cassell Academic, Black Atlantic Series (editor)

2000 Slaves and Slave Holders on the Gold Coast: Towards an Understanding of Social Bondage in West Africa , by Peter Haenger. Basel, P. Schglettwein Publishing (co-edited with J.J. Shafer)

2000 Transformations in Slavery. History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2nd and revised edition

1997 Pilgrims, Interpreters and Agents: French Reconnaissance Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno, 1891-1895. Madison: African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1997 Displacement and the Politics of Violence in Nigeria. Leiden: Brill, International Studies in Sociology and Anthropology (originally published as a special issue on population displacement in contemporary Nigeria, Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 33, no. 1/2 (co-edited with Patricia Ama Tokunbo Williams)

1995 Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology. London, Routledge (co-edited with Jordan Goodman and Andrew Sherratt)

1994 Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press (co-edited with Toyin Falola)

1994 The Sokoto Caliphate and the European Powers, 1890-1906. Special issue of Paideuma (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1994 Unfree Labor in the Development of the Atlantic World. London: Frank Cass; also special issue of Slavery and Abolition (co-edited with Nicholas Rogers)

1994 Slavery and its Abolition in French West Africa: The Official Reports of G. Poulet, E. Roume, and G. Deherme. Madison, African Studies program (co-edited with A.S. Kanya-Forstner)

1993 Slow Death for Slavery. The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897-1936. Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series (with J.S. Hogendorn)

1986 Salt of the Desert Sun. A History of Salt Production and Trade in the Central Sudan. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series

1986 Africans in Bondage. Studies in Slavery and the Slave Trade. Madison, Wisconsin, African Studies Program (editor)

1985 The Workers of African Trade. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications (co edited with Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch)

1983 Transformations in Slavery. History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, African Studies Series

1981 The Ideology of Slavery in Africa. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications (editor)

1980 Caravans of Kola. The Hausa Kola Trade, 1700-1900. Zaria, Ahmadu Bello University Press; and Ibadan, University Press, Ltd.

Book Chapters

2015 "Mode de production des sociétés esclavagistes," Repenser l'anthropologie aujourd'hui avec Emmanuel Terray: Colloque international (Paris: CNRS), 13 pp.

2013 “Transformation of the Ékpè Masquerade in the African Diaspora,” in Christopher Innes, Annabel Rutherford and Brigitte Bogar, eds., Carnival: Theory and Practice (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press), 127-52

2013 “Pawnship and Seizure for Debt in the Process of Enslavement in West Africa,” in in Gwyn Campbell and Alessandro Stanziani, eds., Debt and Slavery in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds (London: Pickering and Chatto), 63-76

2013 “The Land Question in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria,” in Ojong Echum Tangban and Chukwuma C.C. Osakwe, eds., Perspectives in African Historical Studies: Essays in Honour of Prof. Chinedu Nwafor Ubah (Kaduna: Nigerian Defence Academy), 667-88

2011 “The Autobiography of Oluadah Equiano, the African, and the Life of Gustavus Vassa, Reconsidered,” in Ana Lucia Araujo, Mariana Pinho Cândido and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Crossing Memories in the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press), 15-34

2010 “The Slave Ports of the Bight of Biafra in the Eighteenth Century,” in Carolyn Brown and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Repercussions of the Atlantic Slave Trade: The Interior of the Bight of Biafra and the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press) (with David Richardson)

2010 "Commerce and Credit in Katsina in the Nineteenth Century," in Emily Brownell and Toyin Falola, eds., Africa, Empire and Globalization: Essays In Honor of A.G. Hopkins (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press) (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2009 “The Autobiography of Oluadah Equiano, the African, and the Life of Gustavus Vassa, Reconsidered,” in Ana Lucia Araujo, Mariana Pinho Cândido and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Crossing Memories in the African Diaspora (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press)

2009 “Gustavus Vassa, Africano quien trató de humanizar la esclavización en la Costa de Mosquitos, 1775-1780,” in Jaime Arocha, ed., Nina S. de Friedemann, cronista de disidencias y resistencias (Bogota, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas, 2009), 205-31

2009 “The Slave Trade as Enforced Migration in the Central Sudan,” in Claudia Haake and Richard Bessel, eds., Removing Peoples: Forced Removal in the Modern World (London: German Historical Institute, 2008), Chapter 7

2009 “The African Background of Venture Smith,” in James B. Stewart, ed., Venture Smith and the Business of Slavery and Freedom (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press)

2009 “Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” in Andrew Apter and Lauren Derry, eds., Activating the Past Historical Memory in the Black Atlantic (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholarly Publishing)

2009 “The Memorialisation of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Freedom Narratives,” in Swithin R. Wilmot, ed., Freedom: Retrospective and Perspective (Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers), 16-31

2008 “Transatlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” in Boubacar Barry, Livio Sansone, and Elisée Soumonni, eds., Africa, Brazil, and the Construction of Trans-Atlantic Black Identities (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press)

2008 “Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery: The Lives of Two Muslims, Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” in Naana Opoku-Agyemang, Paul E. Lovejoy, and David Trotman, eds), Africa and Trans-Atlantic Memories: Literary and Aesthetic Manifestations of Diaspora and History (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press).

2008 “Resistencia y rebellion en Río Tinto,” in Rina Cáceres Gómez, ed., Del olvido a la memoria: Esclavitud, resitencia y cultura (San José: UNESCO, 2008), 17-22

2008 “Los niños de Atlántico,” in Rina Cáceres Gómez, ed., Del olvido a la memoria: África en tiempos de la esclavitud (San José: UNESCO, 2008), 47-54

2008 “Las ambiciones imperiales británicas en la Costa de la Mosquitia y la abolición de la esclavitud indígena, 1773-1781,” in Rina Cáceres and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds. Haití – Revolución y emancipación (San José: Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica)

2007 “The Arabic Manuscript of Muhammad Kaba Saghanughu of Jamaica, c. 1820,” in Annie Paul, ed., Creole Concerns: Essays in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite (Kingston: University of the West Indies Press) (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2007 “Civilian Casualties in the Context of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” in John Laband, ed., Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Africa: From Slavery Days to Rwandan Genocide (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press), 17-50

2007 “Alhaji Ahmad el-Fellati ibn Dauda ibn Muhammad Manga: Personal Malam to Emir Muhammad Bello of Kano,” in Femi J. Kolapo and Kwabena Akurang-Parry, eds., African Agency and European Colonialism: Latitudes of Negotiations and Containment:Essays in Honour of Sydney Kanya-Forstner

2007 “Slavery, the Slave Trade and African Society,” in Douglas Hamilton and Robert J. Blyth, eds., Representing Slavery: Art, Artefacts and Archives in the Collections of the National Maritime Museum (London: Ashgate, 2007), 28-39

2007 “Internal Markets or an Atlantic-Sahara Divide? How Women Fit into the Slave Trade of West Africa,” in Gwyn Campbell, Suzanne Miers, and Joseph C. Miller (eds.), Women and Slavery (Athens: Ohio University Press)

2007 “O Fator Iorubá no Tráfico Transatlântico de Escravos,” in Mariza de Carvalho Soares (organizadora), Rotas Atlânticas da Diáspora Africana: os 'Pretos Minas' no Rio de Janeiro, séculos XVIII-XX (Rio de Janeiro)

2007 “African Agency and the Liverpool Slave Trade,” in Suzannah Schwartz and David Richardson, eds., Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, with David Richardson)

2006 “The Context of Enslavement in West Africa: Ahmad Bābā and the Ethics of Slavery,” in Jane Landers (ed.), Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press), 9-38

2006 “Identity and the Mirage of Ethnicity: Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua’s Journey in the Americas,” in Jay B. Haviser and Kevin C. MacDonald, eds., African Re-Genesis: Confronting Social Issues in the Diaspora (London: Cavendish Publishing), 90-105

2006 “Biographies of Enslaved Muslims from the Central Sudan in the Nineteenth Century,” in H. Bobboyi and A.M. Yakubu, eds., The Sokoto Caliphate: History and Legacies, 1804-2004 (Kaduna: Arewa House, 2006), vol. 1, 187-216

2005 “Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” in Willem Wubbo Klooster and Alfred Padula (eds.), The Atlantic World: Essays on Slavery, Migration, and Imagination (New York: Prentice-Hall), 126-46

2005 “The Yoruba Factor in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” in Matt Childs and Toyin Falola (eds.), The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 40-55

2004 “Slavery, the Bilād al-Sudan and the Frontiers of the African Diaspora,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 1-30

2004 “Muslim Freedmen in the Atlantic World: Images of Manumission and Self-Redemption,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 235-64

2004 “Community of Believers: Trinidad Muslims and the Return to Africa, c. 1810-1850,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 221-34 (with David Trotman)

2004 “Muhammad Kābā Saghanughu and the Muslim Community of Jamaica,” in Paul E. Lovejoy (ed.), Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam (Princeton: Markus Wiener, Publisher), 201-20 (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

2004 “Slaves to Palm Oil: Afro-European Commercial Relations in the Bight of Biafra, 1741-1841,” in David Killingray, Margarette Lincoln, and Nigel Rigby (eds.), Maritime Empires (London: Boydell & Brewer) (with David Richardson)

2003 “The Black Atlantic in the Construction of the ‘Western’ World: Alternative Approaches to the ‘Europeanization’ of the Americas,” in Dirk Hoerder, Christiane Harzig and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Diversity in History: Transcultural Interactions from the Early Modern Mediterranean World to the Twentieth-Century Postcolonial World (New York: Berghahn Books), 109-33

2003 “Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” Palaver: Africa e alter terre, 1, 85-114

2003 “International Trade in West Africa in the Nineteenth Century: Salaga and Kano as ‘Ports of Trade’,” in Toyin Falola (ed.), Ghana in Africa and the World. Essays in Honor of Adu Boahen (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press), 477-512

2003 “Ethnicity and the African Diaspora,” in Paul E. Lovejoy and David Trotman (eds.) Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of the Ethnicity in the African Diaspora (London: Continuum) (with David Trotman)

2003 “Ethnic Designations of the Slave Trade and the Reconstruction of the History of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” in Paul E. Lovejoy and David Trotman (eds.) Trans-Atlantic Dimensions of the Ethnicity in the African Diaspora (London: Continuum)

2003 “A Escravidão no Califado de Socoto," in Manolo Florentino and Cicilda Machado (eds.), Ensaios sobre a escravidão (Belo Horizonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais), 37-64

2003 “Anglo-Efik Relations and Protection against Illegal Enslavement at Old Calabar 1740-1807,” in Sylviane Diouf (ed.), Fighting the Slave Trade: West African Strategies (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 101-20 (with David Richardson)

2002 “Enslaved Africans and their Expectations of Slave Life in the Americas: Towards a Reconsideration of Models of ‘Creolisaton’,” in Verene A. Shepherd and Glen L. Richards (eds.), Questioning Creole: Creolisaton Discourses in Caribbean Culture (Kingston: Ian Randal, Publishers), 67-91

2002 “Nueces de Cola en Cartagena: Intercambios Transatlánticos en el siglo XVII,” in Claudia Mosquera, Mauricio Pardo and Odile Hoffmann (eds.) Afrodescendientes en las América: Trayectorias socials e identitarias (Bogota: Universidad Nacional Colombia), 195-212 (with Renée Soulodre-La France)

2002 “Methodology through the Ethnic Lens: The Study of Atlantic Africa,” in Toyin Falola and Christian Jennings (eds.), African Historical Research: Sources and Methods (Rochester: University of Rochester Press)

2001 “Letters of the Old Calabar Slave Trade, 1760-89” in Vincent Carretta and Philip Gould (eds.), Genius in Bondage: Literatures of the Early Black Atlantic (Louisville, University of Kentucky Press) (with David Richardson), 89-115

2001 “Experiencias de vida y exectativas: Nociones Africanas sobre la esclavitud y la realidad en América,” in Rina Cáceres (ed.), Rutas de la Esclavitud en África y América Latina (San José: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica), 379-404 (with David Trotman)

2000 “The Clapperton-Bello Exchange: the Sokoto Jihad and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, 1804-1837,” in Christopher Wise (ed.), The Desert Shore: Literatures of the African Sahel (Boulder: Lynne Rienner), 201-28

2000 “Identifying Enslaved Africans in the African Diaspora,” in Lovejoy (ed.), Identity in the Shadow of Slavery (London: Cassell Academic)

1999 "Slave-Trading Ports: Toward an Atlantic-Wide Perspective,” in Robin Law and Silke Strickrodt (eds.), Ports of the Slave Trade (Bights of Benin and Biafra) (Stirling: Centre of Commonwealth Studies, University of Stirling), 12-34 (with David Eltis and David Richardson)

1997 "The Condition of Slaves in the Americas," in From the Slave Trade to the Challenge of Development: Reflections on the Conditions for a Lasting Peace (Paris: UNESCO).

1997 "Cross-Border Migration and Political Instability," in Antonio R. Magalhaes(ed.), Sustainable Development: Implications for World Peace (Austin, University of Texas Press), 41-46; Discussion, 47-57.

1997 "Biography as Source Material: Towards a Biographical Archive of Enslaved Africans," in Robin Law (ed.), Source Material for Studying the Slave Trade and the African Diaspora (Centre of Commonwealth Studies, University of Stirling), 119-140.

1997 "`Pawns Will Live When Slaves is Apt to Dye': Credit, Slaving and Pawnship at Old Calabar in the Era of the Slave Trade," LSE Working Papers in Economic History (London, London School of Economics and Political Science) (with David Richardson).

1997 "The Changing Dimensions of African History: Reappropriating the Diaspora," (with Robin Law), in Simon McGrath, Charles Jedrej, Kenneth King, and Jack Thompson (eds.), Rethinking African History (Edinburgh, Centre of African Studies), 181-200.

1995 "Afterward" in Jordan Goodman, Paul E. Lovejoy, and Andrew Sherratt, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology (London: Routledge) (with Jordan Goodman), 229-34.

1995 "The `Coffee' of the Sudan: Consumption of Kola Nuts in the Sokoto Caliphate in the Nineteenth Century," in Jordan Goodman, Paul E. Lovejoy, and Andrew Sherratt, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology (London, Routledge), 103-25.

1995 "The Initial `Crisis of Adaptation': The Impact of British Abolition on the Atlantic Slave Trade in West Africa, 1808-20", in Robin Law, ed., From Slave Trade to `Legitimate' Commerce: The Commercial Transition in Nineteenth-Century West Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) (with David Richardson), 32-56.

1994 "Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective," in Toyin Falola and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., Pawnship in Africa: Debt Bondage in Historical Perspective (Boulder, Westview Press) (with Toyin Falola), 1-26.

1994 "The Central Sudan and the Atlantic Slave Trade," in Robert W. Harms, Joseph C. Miller, David C. Newbury, and Michelle D. Wagner, Paths to the Past: African Historical Essays in Honor of Jan Vansina (Atlanta: African Studies Association Press), 345-70.

1992 "The Ibadan School of History," in Toyin Falola, ed., African Historiography. Essays in Honour of J.F. Ade Ajayi (Lagos and London: Longman).

1992 "Keeping Slaves in Place. The Secret Debate on the Slavery Question in Northern Nigeria, 1900-1904," in Stanley Engerman and J.E. Inikori, eds., The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies, and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press), 49-75 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1992 "Historical Setting," in Helen Metz, ed., Nigeria: A Country Study. Library of Congress, Area Handbook Series, Washington, D.C., 1-83.

1989 "Commerce," in Pierre Bonte and Michel Izard, eds., Dictionnaire de l'ethnologie et de l'anthropologie (Paris, Presses Universitaires de France)

1988 "The Reform of Slavery in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria," in S. Miers and R. Roberts, ed., The End of Slavery in Africa (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press), with J.S. Hogendorn, 391-414

1986 "Problems of Slave Control in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., Africans in Bondage. Studies in Slavery and the Slave Trade (Madison, African Studies Program), 235-272.

1986 "Fugitive Slaves: Resistance to Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Gary Okihiro and Herbert Aptheker, eds., Resistance Not Acquiesence: Studies in African, Afro American and Caribbean History (Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press), 71-95.

1985 "The Internal Trade of West Africa, 1450 1800," in J. F. A. Ajayi and Michael Crowder, eds., History of West Africa (London, Longman Group Ltd.), vol. I, rev. ed.

1985 "The Volume of the Central Sudan Salt Trade," in G. Liesegang, A. Pasch, A. Jones, eds., Figuring African Trade (Berlin: Reimar).

1985 "The Ibadan School and Its Critics," in Bogumil Jewseiwicki and David Newbury, eds., Which History for Which Africans? (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications)

1985 "Merchants, Porters, and Teamsters in the Nineteenth Century Central Sudan," in Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., The Workers of African Trade (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), with M. B. Duffill, 137-167.

1985 "The Workers of Trade in Precolonial Africa," in Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds., The Workers of African Trade (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), with Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch, 9-24.

1981 "Slavery in the Context of Ideology," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., The Ideology of Slavery in Africa (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), 11-38.

1981 "Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," in Paul E. Lovejoy, ed., The Ideology of Slavery in Africa (Beverly Hills, Sage Publications), 200-243.

1979 "Slave Marketing in West Africa," in H. Gemery and J. S. Hogendorn, eds., The Uncommon Market: Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (New York, Academic Press), 213-35 (with J. S. Hogendorn).

1979 "Slavery in West Africa," in H. Gemery and J. S. Hogendorn, eds., The Uncommon Market: Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (New York, Academic Press), 181-212 (with M. Klein).

1977 "The Tuareg of the Central Sudan: Gradations in Servility at the Desert Edge (Niger and Nigeria)," in S. Miers and I. Kopytoff, eds., Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press), 391-411 (with S. Baier).

Journal Articles

2015 “Maintaining Network Boundaries: Islamic Law and Commerce from Sahara to Guinea Shores,” Slavery and Abolition, 36:2, 211-32 (with Jennifer Lofkrantz)

2015 "Jihad, 'Era das Revoluções' e história atlântica: desafiando a interpretação de Reis da história brasileira," Topoi, 16:30, 390-401

2014 "Jihad na Africa Ocidental durante a “Era das Revoluções”: em direcao a um dialogo com Eric Hobsbawm e Eugene Genovese," Topoi, 15:28, 22-67

2012 “Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa – What’s in a Name?” Atlantic Studies, 9:2

2012 “Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa – What’s in a Name?” Atlantic Studies, 9:2, 165-84

2011 “Freedom Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” Slavery and Abolition, 32:1, 91-107

2011 “Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano, en la Costa de Mosquitos: Supervisor de Plantación y Abolicionista,” Revista de Temas Nicaragüenses, 36, 102-45

2011 “Les origines de Catherine Mulgrave Zimmermann: considérations méthodologiques,” Cahiers des Anneaux de la Mémoire 14, 247-63

2009 “Extending the Frontiers of Transatlantic Slavery, Partially,” Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11:1, 57-70

2007 “Construction of Identity: Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa?” Slavery and Abolition, 28, 1

2007 “Comparing the Life Histories of Two Muslims in the Americas: Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” Estudios de Asia y Africa

2007 “Patterns in Regulation and Collaboration in the Slave Trade of West Africa,” Leidschrift, 22, 1

2006 “Construction of Identity: Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa?” Historically Speaking, 7:3, 8-9, reprinted in Donald A. Yerxa, ed., Recent Themes in the History of Africa and the Atlantic World: Historians in Conversation (Charleston: University of South Carolina Press, 2008), 93-100

2006 “The Children of Slavery: The Trans-Atlantic Phase,” Slavery and Abolition, 27:2, 197-218

2006 “Autobiography and Memory: Gustavus Vassa and the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” Slavery and Abolition, 27:3, 317-47

2006 “Slavery in Ecclesiastical Archives: Preserving the Records,” Hispanic American Historical Review, 86:2, 337-46 (with Mariza Soares, Jane Landers, and Andrew McMichael)

2006 “Mercadores e carregadores das Caravanas do Sudão Central, século XIX,” Tempo: Revista de História (Rio de Janeiro), 10:20, 61-82

2005 “The Urban Background of Enslaved Muslims in the Americas,” Slavery and Abolition, 26:3, 347-72

2004 “ ‘This Horrid Hole’: Royal Authority, Commerce and Credit at Bonny, 1690-1840,” Journal of African History, 45:3, 363-92 (with David Richardson)

2002 “Islam, Slavery, and Political Transformation in West Africa: Constraints on the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Outre-Mers: Revue d’histoire, 89: 247-82

2002 “Identidade e a Miragem da Ethnicidade: A Jornada de Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua para as Américas,” Afro-Ásia, 27: 9-39

2001 “The Business of Slaving: Pawnship in Western Africa, c. 1600-1810,” Journal of African History,42:1, 67-89 (with David Richardson)

2001 “The Oral History of Royal Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate: An Interview with Sallama Dako,” History in Africa, 28: 273-91 (with Sean Stilwell and Ibrahim Hamza)

2000 “J.K. Cochrane: “‘Exploration in Bornu’: An Account of Borno and Bedde in 1902,” Bulletin of the Museum Society of Maiduguri, 10

2000 “Jihad e Escravidao: As Origens dos Escravos Muculmanos de Bahia,” Topoi (Rio de Janeiro), 1, 11-44

1999 "Trust, Pawnship and Atlantic History: The Institutional Foundations of the Old Calabar Slave Trade,” American Historical Review, 104:2, 332-55 (with David Richardson)

1999 “Les origenes de los esclavos en las Americas Perspectivas Methodologicas,” Revista de Historia, 36.

1999 “Borgu in the Atlantic Slave Trade,” African Economic History, 27 (with Robin Law)

1999 “Cerner les identities au sein de la diaspora africaine, l’islam et l’esclavage aux Ameriques,” Cahiers des Anneaux de la Memoire, 1, 249-78

1997 "Editing Nineteenth-Century Intelligence Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno: The Advantages of a Collaborative Approach," History in Africa, 24, 195-204 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1997 "La vie quotidienne en Afrique de l'Ouest au temps de la `Route des esclaves'", Diogène, 179, 3-19.

1995 "British Abolition and its Impact on Slave Prices at the Atlantic Coast of Africa, 1783-1850," Journal of Economic History, 55:1 (with David Richardson), 98-119.

1995 "Competing Markets for Male and Female Slaves: Slave Prices in the Interior of West Africa, 1780-1850," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 28:2, 261-93 (with David Richardson).

1994 "Introduction," Special issue on the Sokoto Caliphate and the European Powers, 1890-1906," Paideuma, 49, 7-14 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1994 "Background to Rebellion: The Origins of Muslim Slaves in Bahia," Slavery and Abolition, 15:2, 151-80.

1994 "Introduction: Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World," Slavery and Abolition, 15:2 (with N. Rogers)

1993 "C.L. Temple's `Notes on the History of Kano'," Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources (with Abdullahi Mahadi and Mansur Ibrahim Mukhtar), 4, 7-76.

1992 "Murgu: The Wages of Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate," Slavery and Abolition, 24:1, 168-185.

1992 "Commentary" on John Hunwick, "Falkeiana II: A Letter from the Amir of Mafara to the Amir of Zamfara," Sudanic Africa. A Journal of Historical Sources, 3, 103-105.

1992 "Collaborative Research in the Recovery of Documentation on the Conquest of the Sokoto Caliphate," Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources, 3, 165-172 (with A.S. Kanya-Forstner).

1991 "Miller's Vision of Meillassoux," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 24:1, 133-145.

1990 "Revolutionary Mahdism and Resistance to Colonial Rule in the Sokoto Caliphate (1905-1906)," Journal of African History, 31:2, 217-244 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1990 "Concubinage in the Sokoto Caliphate," Slavery and Abolition, XXI:2, 159-189.

1989 "The Development and Execution of Frederick Lugard's Policies Toward Slavery in Northern Nigeria," Slavery and Abolition, 10:1, 1-43 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1989 "The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africa: A Review of the Literature," Journal of African History, 30, 365-94

1988 "Concubinage and the Status of Women Slaves in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria," Journal of African History, 29:2, 245-266.

1984 "Commercial Sectors in the Economy of the Nineteenth Century Central Sudan: the Trans Saharan Trade and the Desert Side Salt Trade," African Economic History, 13:85 116.

1982 "Polanyi's `Ports of Trade': Salaga and Kano in the Nineteenth Century," Canadian Journal of African Studies, 16:2, 245-278.

1982 "The Volume of the Atlantic Slave Trade: A Synthesis," Journal of African History, 23:4, 473-501. (Reprinted in Paul Finkelman, ed., Outstanding Articles on Slavery, Hamden, Conn., Garland Publishing, Inc.; also reprinted in David Northrup, ed., The Atlantic Slave Trade, Lexington, Mass., D.C. Heath and Co., 1994).

1980 "Kola in the History of West Africa," Cahiers d'études africaines. 20:1/2 97-134; 173-175. Commentaries by Yves Person, Stephen Baier, Jean Loup Amselle, and Jean Pierre Chauveau, 149-171.

1979 "Pastoralism in Africa," Peasant Studies, 8:2, 73-85.

1979 "Indigenous African Slavery," Historical Reflections/ Reflexions Historiques, 6:1, 19-6l. Reprinted in Michael Craton, ed., Roots and Branches: Current Directions in Slave Studies (Toronto, Pergamon Press), 19 6l. Commentaries by Igor Kopytoff and Frederick Cooper, 62 83.

1979 "The Characteristics of Plantations in the Nineteenth Century Sokoto Caliphate (Islamic West Africa)," American Historical Review, 74:4, 1267-92.

1978 "The Role of the Wangara in the Economic Transformation of the Central Sudan in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries," Journal of African History, 19:2, 173-93 (Reprinted in A.J.R. Russell-Wood, ed., An Expanding World: The European Impact on World History 1450-1800 (Birmingham, Variorium Press, 1996).

1978 "Plantations in the Economy of the Sokoto Caliphate," Journal of African History, 19:3, 341-68.

1978 "The Borno Salt Industry," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 11:4, 629-68.

1978 "Notes on the Asl al Wangariyyin," Kano Studies, I:3, 46-52.

1978 "Oral Data Collection and the Economic History of the Central Sudan," Savanna, 8:1, 71-4 (with J.S. Hogendorn).

1975 "The Desert Side Economy of the Central Sudan," International Journal of African Historical Studies, 8:4, 551-81: reprinted in Michael Glantz, ed., Drought in the Sahel: The Politics of a Natural Disaster (New York, Praeger, 1976), 145 75 (with S. Baier).

1974 "Interregional Monetary Flows in the Precolonial Trade of Nigeria," Journal of African History, 15:4, 563-85.

1973 "The Kambarin Beriberi: The Formation of a Specialized Group of Hausa Kola Traders in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of African History, 14:4, 633-57.

1971 "Long Distance Trade and Islam: The Case of the Nineteenth Century Hausa Kola Trade," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, 5:4, 537-47.

Conference Papers

“Narrative Strategies in the Explication of the Slave Experience in Africa and America,” Comparative History Workshop, Niagara-on-the-lake, Ont., March 19-21, 2010

"Gustavus Vassa and the Scottish Enlightenment,” Panel on "Biography and History: The Debate over Olaudah Equiano's Interesting Narrative," American Historical Association Annual Meeting, New York, January 2, 2009

“The Memorialization of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Freedom Narratives,” Early Modern History Workshop, University of Minnesota, February 27, 2009

“Indigenous Interpretations of History in West Africa before 1800,” William A. Brown Memorial Lecture on Islam in West Africa, University of Wisconsin, March 12, 2009

“Debt and Slavery: the History of a Process of Enslavement,” Indian Ocean World Centre, McGill University, May 7-9, 2009

“Tales of Slavery: Narratives of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Enslavement in Africa,” University of Toronto, Toronto, May 20-23, 2009

“L’impact de l’abolition de la traite par la Grande-Bretagne sur les discours nationaux en France, aux Etats-Unis, au Danemark, en Espagne, au Portugal et aux Pays-Bas,” Paris – June 11-13, 2009

Key Note Address, “Rethinking Africa and the Atlantic World,” University of Stirling, September 3-6, 2009

“Slavery and Migration in African History,” WISE Workshop, “Understanding Slavery: Historical Slave Systems and Contemporary Problems,” Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull, September 21-22, 2009

“African Slavery: Was it a ‘Migration’?,” Conference on Forced African Labour: Slavery, Migration, and Contemporary Bondage in Africa, Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull, September 23-25, 2009

Institut d’été/d’hivernage, “Esclavage en patrimoine: Représenter l’histoire dans l’espace public,” Port-au-Prince, Haiti, décembre 2009

Colloque International Lancement du Programme EURSCL (7e PCRD), < Les silences nationaux sur les exclavages et les traits et leurs heritages contemporains sur la question des migrations > Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Fort de France, Martinique, March 21, 2008

« Festival on Memories of Slavery – Documenting the Heritage of the Slave Trade through Video - Patrimoine et mémoire de l'esclavage et de la traite. Festival de la vidéo de recherche » The First Annual Research Video Festival, Nat Taylor Cinema, York University, April 28, 2008

Workshop on Digital Archiving, Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica, May 29, 2008, sponsored by British Library Endangered Archives Programme and the Tubman Institute

Conference on “Diáspora, nación y diferencia. Poblaciones de origen africano en México y Centroamérica,” Xalapa, Veracruz, México, June 10-13, 2008

“Carnival: ‘People’s Art’ and ‘Taking Back the Streets’,” Toronto, July 30-August 3, 2008, co-sponsored by the Tubman Institute and Kofler Centre at the University of Toronto, organized by Christopher Innes, Canada Research Chair, and co-sponsored by the Tubman Institute

Institut d’été/d’hivernage , « Blacks or Negroes », « Africans or Hyphenated Afro’s », « Slave descendants or Immigrants » Deconstructing the categories of designation and questioning the representations of identity in the past and present,” Institut Interdisciplinaire Virtuel des Hautes Études sur les Esclavages et les Traites - Virtual Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies of Slavery and the Slave Trade, Aix-en-Provence, August 23-29, 2008

“Empire, Slave Trade and Slavery: Rebuilding Civil Society in Sierra Leone Past and Present,” Wilberforce Institute (WISE), University of Hull, September 26-28, 2008; organized in collaboration with the Tubman Institute

“Esclavitud, ciudadanía y memoria: Puertos Menores en el Caribe y el Atlántico,” Simposio Internacional, San Fernando de Omoa, Honduras, November 13-16, 2008, co-sponsored by La Secretaria de Cultura, Artes y Deportes, Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, and Tubman Institute

“Living history: Encountering the memory of the heirs of slavery,” workshop at the American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 6, 2008

“Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” Lecture, Department of History, University of Pittsburgh, February 5-6, 2008

“Memoralizing Slavery and the Slave Trade in ‘Freedom Narratives’,” Department of History, Brock University, March 7, 2008

“Scarification and the Loss of History in the African Diaspora,” Colloque International Lancement du Programme EURSCL (7e PCRD), < Les silences nationaux sur les exclavages et les traits et leurs heritages contemporains sur la question des migrations > Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Fort de France, Martinique, March 21, 2008

Panel Discussion, “This Ambiguous Anniversary,” Conference on “Ending the International Slave Trade: A Bicentenary Inquiry,” College of Charleston, March 26-29, 2008

“Second Workshop on Endangered Archives,” Tubman Institute, York University, April 19, 2008

“Biography and History – The Life Stories of Two Muslims of the Slave Trade,” Lecture, Universidad de Costa Rica, May 6, 2008

Round table discussion with the Honorable Governor General of Canada, "De la fin de l'esclavage à la diversité culturelle: se souvenir d'hier pour mieux dialoguer aujourd'hui," Bordeaux, May 10, 2008; organized through Office of the Governor General of Canada

Meeting in the Gambia on restoration of national archives through a pilot digitization Project, funded through the Tubman Social Justice Fund and in collaboration with the Tubman Institute, May 13-16, 2008

Workshop on Digital Archiving, Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica, May 29, 2008, sponsored by British Library Endangered Archives Programme and the Tubman Institute, and organized by Nadine Hunt

“A British-American Forum,” Fraunces Tavern, New York City, June 2, 2008, in association with Beecher House Society and Wilberforce Institute (WISE)

“British Imperial Ambitions on the Mosquito Shore in the eighteenth century and the Abolition of ‘Indian’ Slavery,” Conference on “Diáspora, nación y diferencia. Poblaciones de origen africano en México y Centroamérica,” Xalapa, Veracruz, México, June 10-13, 2008

“Biography and Autobiography: Representations of Self and Others in the Writings of Africans during the Era of Slavery,” presented at « Blacks or Niggers », « Africans or Hyphenated Afro’s », « Slave descendants or Immigrants » Deconstructing the categories of designation and questioning the representations of identity in the past and present, Institut Interdisciplinaire Virtuel des Hautes Études sur les Esclavages et les Traites - Virtual Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies of Slavery and the Slave Trade, Aix-en-Provence, August 23-29, 2008

“The Province of Senegambia – An Early British Colony in Africa (1765-83),” presented at “Empire, Slave Trade and Slavery: Rebuilding Civil Society in Sierra Leone Past and Present,” Wilberforce Institute (WISE), University of Hull, September 26-28, 2008

“Economic Systems along the Trade Route,” Conference on “Slave Routes: Resistance, Abolition, and Creative Process,” New York University, October 9-12, 2008

“The Legacies of Slavery for Africa and America,” University of British Columbia, October 29-30, 2008

“Esclavitud, ciudadanía y memoria: Puertos Menores en el Caribe y el Atlántico,” Simposio Internacional, San Fernando de Omoa, Honduras, November 13-16, 2008, co-sponsored by La Secretaria de Cultura, Artes y Deportes, Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, and Tubman Institute

“Comparative Plantation Systems: Conceptualizing the Role of Slavery in the Evolution of the Modern World,” University of Mississippi, November 20, 2008

“Commerce and Credit in Katsina in the Nineteenth Century” (with Yacine Daddi Addoun), Workshop on “Historical Constructions of “Race” and Social Hierarchy in Muslim West and North Africa”, Dakar, Senegal, December 9-12, 2008, sponsored by the Tubman Institute and Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa (ISITA), Northwestern University, in collaboration with the Department of History, Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar

“Sex, Power and Slavery: The Dynamics of Carnal Relations under Enslavement,” McGill University, Montreal, 19-21 April 2007

“Slavery: Unfinished Business,” Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE), University of Hull, 17-19 May 2007

“African Trajectories of Slavery: Perceptions, Practices, Experiences,” Centre of African Studies, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 25-26 May 2007

“Micro-histoire et histoires de vie,” CIRESC Symposium, EHESS, Paris, May 31–June 1, 2007

“Essaouira 2007: 10ème édition du Festival Gnawas et Musiques du Monde,” Morocco, June 19-23, 2007

“ ‘The Bloody Writing is for ever torn’: Domestic and International Consequences of the First Governmental Efforts to Abolish the Atlantic Slave Trade,” Omohundro Institute, Cape Coast, Ghana, 8-12 August, 2007

“Freedom: Retrospective and Prospective,” University of the West Indies, Jamaica, August 31 – September 1, 2007

Keynote, Conference on Venture Smith, University of Connecticut, 20-21 September 2007

“III Encontro Internacional de História de Angola,” Ministério da Cultura, Luanda, Angola, 25-28 September 2007

“Alcohol in the Atlantic World: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives,” York University, Toronto (Canada) 24-27 October, 2007

“Scotland, Slavery and Abolition,” New College, University of Edinburgh, November 10, 2007

“Confronting Slavery: Towards a Dialogue of Understanding,” Rio de Janeiro, 22-25 November 2007

“Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano, on the Mosquito Shore: Plantation Overseer cum Abolitionist,” Symposium on Slavery, Culture, and Religion, Cahuita, Costa Rica, 11-14 February 2006

“The Myth of Liberia and the African Setting of the Kru Coast: A Critique of David Brian Davis, ‘Exiles, Exodus, and Promised Lands’,” Tanner Lectures, Stanford University, February 22-24, 2006

“Identity and Diaspora: The Interesting Narrative of Gustavus Vassa, alias Olaudah Equiano,” McMaster University, March 2, 2006

“Olaudah Equiano, alias Gustavus Vassa: African Icon or American Trickster?” John S. Saul Interdisciplinary Graduate Seminar, York University, March 14, 2006

“The Slave Trade as Enforced Migration,” Conference on “Removing Peoples: Forced Migration in the Modern World (1850 – 1950),” University of York, April 20 – 22, 2006

Commentary, “Navigating around Colonialism: Culture and Exchange beyond the Reaches of the Imperial State,” Atlantic History Workshop, "'Recapricorning' the Atlantic: Luso-Brazilian and Luso-African Perspectives on the Atlantic World," University of Michigan and Michigan State University, May 11-12, 2006

Commentary, “Navigating around Colonialism: Culture and Exchange beyond the Reaches of the Imperial State,” Atlantic History Workshop, "'Recapricorning' the Atlantic: Luso-Brazilian and Luso-African Perspectives on the Atlantic World," University of Michigan and Michigan State University, May 11-12, 2006

“Harriet Tubman,” Conference on “Names on the Wall,” Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE), University of Hull, July 6-8, 2006

“The African Dimension,” Conferencia sobre Etnicidad en la Región Centroamericana, Antigua Guatemala, 9-12 March 2005

“Amerindian, African, European – Interface, Interaction, Intercourse,” Keynote Address, Conference on Activating the Past: Latin America in the Black Atlantic, UCLA, April 23-4, 2005

“Comparing the Life Histories of Two Muslims in the Americas,” El Colegio de Mexico, 26 April 2005

“Las rutas de la esclavitud y la experiencia en África,” Conference on Negros, mulatos y morenos de Guerrero y sus costas: afrodescendientes y diversidad cultural, Acapulco, 27-29 April 2005

“Autobiography and Memory: Gustavus Vassa and the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” Colloque international/International Conference: Mémoires croisées : esclavage et diaspora africaine – Crossing Memories : Slavery and African Diaspora, Université Laval, 2-3 May 2005

Chair, Panel on Mediterranean and African Political Economies, Conference “The Atlantic World and Virginia, 1550-1624,” Omohundro Institute on Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, March 2004

Chair, Panel on Yoruba Slavery, “Yoruba in the History of Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” Conference on “Perspectives on Yoruba History and Culture,” University of Texas, 26-28 March 2004

“The Children of Slavery - the Trans-Atlantic Phase,” Conference on “Children and Slavery,” Université d’Avignon, Avignon, 20-22 May 2004

“Civilian Casualties in the Context of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Conference on “Collateral Damage,” University of Toronto, 28-29 May 2004

“Alternatives to Revolution and Insurrection – Olaudah Equiano and the Abortive Plantation Scheme of Dr. Charles Irving on the Mosquito Shore,” Conference on Revolución, Independencia y Emancipación. La lucha contra la esclavitud, Limón, Costa Rica, 26-28 August 2004

“Urban and Rural: The Experiences of Enslaved Muslims in Africa and the Americas,” Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University, November 6, 2004

Commentator, Between Race and Place: Blacks and Blackness in Central America and the Mainland Caribbean, Tulane University, November 12-13, 2004

Session Organizer, African Diaspora Panels, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, November 2004

Panel Coordinator, Canadian Association of African Studies Annual Meeting, Joint sessions with the African Studies Association, New Orleans, November 2004

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on Trans-Atlantic Slavery,” African Studies Symposium, Brock University, 4 February 2003

Organizer, Workshop on the Underground Railroad and the History of Blacks in Upper Canada, The Harriet Tubman Resource Centre on the African Diaspora, York University, February 21, 2003

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on the Trans-Atlantic World during the Era of Slavery,” Keynote Address, Sixth Annual Africana Studies Student Research Colloquium, Bowling Green State University, March 21, 2003

Chair, "African Urban Spaces: History and Culture," University of Texas, Austin, March 28 - 30, 2003

“Escravidão Africana & Tráfico Atlântico nas Américas,” Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) June 2-4, 2003

“Archives, Intangible Heritage, and Museums,” presented at “African Diaspora: The Making of the Atlantic World,” Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, June 28 - July 1, 2003

“La Narrativa Africana y la Diáspora,” Festival de la Cultura Negra, Limón, Costa Rica, 22 August 2003

“Slavery, the Bilad al-Sudan and the Frontiers of the African Diaspora,” Conference on “Islam, Slavery and Diaspora,” York University, 24-26 October 2003

Chair, Panel on Slavery, Captives and Captive Labour, Tri-University History Conference, University of Guelph, 8 November 2003

“Narratives of Trans-Atlantic Slavery: The Lives of Two Muslims, Muhammad Kabā Saghanaghu and Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua,” Conference on “Literary Manifestations of the African Diaspora,” University of Cape Coast, Ghana, 10-14 November 2003

“The Yoruba Factor in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Boston, 30 November 2003

“Rural and Urban in the Context of Caribbean Slavery and Emancipation,” Conference on “City Life in Caribbean History,” Cave Hill, Barbados, 11-13 December 2003

“An Afro-Centric Perspective on the Trans-Atlantic World during the Era of Slavery,” Keynote Address, Sixth Annual Africana Studies Student Research Colloquium, Bowling Green State University, March 21, 2003

“The Arabic Manuscript of Muhammad Kaba Saghanughu of Jamaica, c. 1823,” The Second Conference on Caribbean Culture, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica, January 9-12, 2002 (with Yacine Daddi Addoun)

Round table, “The Future of Atlantic World Studies,” Allen Morris Conference on the History of Florida and the Atlantic World, Florida State University, February 1-2, 2002

Forum for the Expansion of Europe and Global Interaction, Huntington Library, February 14-16, 2002

“Publishing Workshop,” Conference on Nigeria in the 20th Century, University of Texas, March 29-31, 2002

“Muhammd Kaba Saghanughu and the Muslim Community of Jamaica,” Syracuse University, April 18, 2002

Chair, “Art and Architecture in Urban Africa,” Conference on “African Urban Spaces: History and Culture,” University of Texas, Austin, 28-30 March 2002

Chair, Panel on “After Abolition: Europe and Africa,” Canadian Association of African Studies, Toronto, May 29-June 1, 2002

Organizer, Workshop on Database Construction and the African Diaspora, York University, 2-12 July 2002, www.yorku.ca/nhp

“The Sahara-Atlantic Divide, Or How Women Fitted into the Slave Trade,” Conference on “Slavery and Forced Labour: Women in Slavery,” Université d’Avignon, 16-18 October 2002

Roundtable, African American Experience Project, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Cultures, New York Public Library, 23 November 2002

“Trans-Atlantic Transformations: The Origins and Identities of Africans in the Americas,” Workshop on “The Trans-Atlantic Construction of the Notions of ‘Race’, Black Culture, Blackness and Antiracism: Towards a New Dialogue between Researchers in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean,” Gorée, Senegal, 11-17 November 2002

“Baquaqua in Brazil,” Seminar, Universidade Federale da Bahia, February 2001

“Anglo-Efik Relations and Protection against Illegal Enslavement at Old Calabar, 1740-1807,” Conference on “Fighting Back: African Strategies Against the Slave Trade,” Rutgers University, February 16-17, 2001 (with David Richardson)

“The Ethnic Origins of Enslaved Africans in the Americas,” Atlantic History Lecture Series, University of Southern Maine, February 26, 2001

“Cyrus Francis Perkins’ Busha’s Mistress, or Catherine the Fugitive: Historical and Literary Context,” Harriet Tubman Seminar, York University, March 24, 2001 (with Verene Shepherd)

“The Visual Representations of Ethnicity of the Slave Trade,” Byrne Lecture, Vanderbilt University, March 27, 2001

“Methodology through the Ethnic Lens,” Pathways: A Conference on Sources and Methods in African Scholarship, University of Texas, March 30-April 1, 2001

“The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: A Man of the African Diaspora,” World Archaeological Congress, Intercongress on the African Diaspora, Jacob Gelt Dekker Institute, Curaçao, 23-29 April, 2001

“Conceptualizing and Defining the African Diaspora,” Roundtable Discussion, Symposium on the African Diaspora, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York, May 4, 2001

“The Importance of Collaborative Research in the Study of the African Diaspora,” Workshop on Atlantic Crossings: Women’s Voices, Women’s Stories from the Caribbean and the Nigerian Hinterland, Dartmouth College, May 18-20, 2001

“Creating the Community of Believers: African Muslims in Trinidad, c. 1800-1850,” Second International Conference, “Esclavage et religion dans les temps modernes,” Essaouira, Morocco, June 15-17, 2001 (with David Trotman)

“Biography and Autobiography,” NEH Summer Institute for College Instructors, “Roots: The African Dimension of Early American History and Culture, through the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” University of Virginia, Charlottesville, June 28, 2001

“From Slaves to Palm Oil: Anglo-Biafran Commercial Relations 1767-1841,” Conference on “Maritime Empires,” National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, July 2-3, 2001 (with David Richardson)

“The State of African, African-American, Caribbean, and African Diaspora Stuides,” A symposium, Princeton University, October 10, 2001

“The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua," Conference on “Slave Narratives,” Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio, October 11-13, 2001

“Kola Nuts in Cartegena: 17th Century Trans-Atlantic Exchange,” Simposio internacional, “Pasado, Presente y Futuro de los Afrodescendientes,” Cartagena, 18-20 October, 2001 (with Renée Souldore-La France)

“The State of Africa, African-American, Caribbean, and African Diaspora Studies,” Roundtable Discussion, Princeton University, October 10, 2001

“Methodology through the Ethnic Lens: The Study of Atlantic Africa,” Historian’s Craft, Department of History, York University, October 25, 2001

“A Importância de Pesquisa em Parceria na Reconstrução da História da Diáspora Africana – O Projeto da UNESCO de Rotas de Escravos e a Experiência do Projeto York/UNESCO do Interior da Nigéria,” Seminar o “Mês da consciencia negra,” Rio de Janeiro, 6-8 November 2001

“Debating the African Diaspora: African Studies and African Diaspora Studies,” Roundtable Discussion, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Houston, Texas, November 15-18, 2001

“Community of Believers: Trinidad Muslims and the Return to Africa, 1810-1850,” Conference on “Aguda: Aspects of Afro-Brazilian Heritage in the Bight of Benin,” Ecole du Patrimoine Africain, Porto Novo, Republique du Benin, 26-30 November 2001 (with David Trotman)

“Letters of the Old Calabar Slave Trade, 1761-1789,” Forum on European Expansion and Global Interaction, St. Augustine, Florida, February 17-19, 2000

“Ethnic Designations of the Slave Trade,” Black Atlantic/African Diaspora Seminar Series, Rutgers University, February 24, 2000

“Slavery and Memory in an Islamic Society: Whose Audience? Which Audience?” Conference on Historians and their Audiences: Mobilizing History for the Millenium, York University, 13-15 April 2000

“The Black Atlantic in the Construction of the “Western” World: Alternative Approaches to the “Europeanization” of the Americas,” Conference on Recasting European and Canadian History: National Consciousness, Migration, Multicultural Lives, Bremen, Germany, 18-21 May 2000

“Identity and the Mirage of Ethnicity: Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua’s Journey to the Americas,” Conference on Liberté, identité, integration et servitude, Al-Akhawayn University, Morocco, 29-30 Juin 2000

“That ‘Horrid Hole’: Bonny and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” Conference on “Reprecussions of the Slave Trade: The African Diaspora and the Hinterland of the Bight of Biafra,” Nike Lake, Enugu, July 2000 (with David Richardson)

“Muslim Freedmen in the Atlantic World: Images of Manumission and Self-Redemption,” Conference on “From Slavery to Freedom: Manumission in the Atlantic World,” October 4-6, 2000, College of Charleston, Charleston


Teaching:

Approach To Teaching

Teaching involves mentoring. It requires knowledge of the field being studied and a willingness to distinguish between learning the facts and discovering how to think critically. Teaching involves expression through writing and learning that the written word is different from the spoken word. Teaching also requires a political and moral commitment to social justice, gender equity, and the search for the truth.